GWI 24
The Federal Eagle W/ Regnal Jewels of Scotland Border Indentees

GWI 24-A The Federal Eagle W Scottish Jewel Legend Indentees rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

I am happy to introduce this Lost George Washington Inaugural Button, and Proudly name this find:

The Federal Eagle
W/ Regnal Jewels of Scotland Border Indentees 

 

GWI 24-A THE FEDERAL EAGLE WITH SCOTTISH JEWEL LEGEND INDENTEES: The metal planchet is brass, and has a gilt finish. The size is 34.74mm, and has a R-7 rarity rating. This is a one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank for attachment. The button’s pattern depicts a U.S. Federal Wing Spread Eagle facing right. The Eagle is proudly splaying it’s wings under a Diamond Shape Heralding Estoile Type-Star. This gives the button it’s Christian religious heralding authority as a nation under God. The Federal Spread Wing Eagle was borrowed from the Great Seal of the United which is the chosen symbol to represent the United States in an official capacity on all official congressionally approved U.S. related documents. On all inaugural buttons the Eagle represents the Majestic Strength of America’s readiness for the challenges it will face as a new nation. For Scottish-Rite Jacobites it is seen as a Phoenix and symbolizes the re-birth of their New Republic (with separation of church and state). Clutched tightly in the Eagle’s left talon is a small Bundle of Three Arrows which represent our country’s readiness for war. This also represents the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches of the U.S. federal government. For Scottish-Rite Jacobites it represents the Royal Company of Archers who were the Lifeguards of the King. Also, a representation of the King of Scotland, England, and Ireland. Clutched in the Eagle’s right talon is a short stem Olive Branch with Five Petals. This is the ancient Roman symbol for the gesture of Peace and Goodwill. America chose this on their Great Seal to reflect the country’s sentiment after the Revolutionary War. As all 1789, GW & New Nation Tribute buttons the Eagle’s head is turned wisely toward the olive branch. I believe this sentiment for peace is a shared allusion with both Americans and Scottish Rite Jacobites who struggled since 1698, for their New Republic (Political & Religious Freedom). Blazoned across the Eagle’s chest is a Spade Shape Federal Shield with 33 Diamond Shape Perimeter Indentees. This would only have a Scottish-Rite representation to it’s masonic degrees of knowledge. The Federal (Escutcheon Shield) depicts 7 horizontal stipples in the top portion, and 13 vertical stripes in the lower portion.

My Personal thoughts:

      I believe this unique button was engraved by Philadelphia Artisan John Vallance (1770-1823). There was some evidence presented by Gary gianotti that this button’s original steel die was worked on during his long boat trip from America to England. The button does reflect the maker marks of Master Artisan Robert Scot and two other Philadelphia Artisans James Trenchard, and Samuel Allardice, but knowing how are artisans worked together it could have been finished by Vallance on his trip. This button is unique for it is only variety found in England and suggests that it was a die presented to the GW manufacturers for a possible limited run, but did not materialize.

As the button highlights there is a lot of Scottish royal Culture blatantly depicted which might be the reason it wasn’t produced for the American market. Usually the Scottish Royal culture within GWI buttons have multiple allusions and are masked behind American insignia with it’s engravings. Some reasonable questions could be posed. Was this variant made for English nobles who were in support of the rebels (Jacobites) during the American Revolution. There is a lot of evidence supporting this theory, and even reaches out to George Washington using the “Buff” in the color in his uniform from his english supporters. Maybe this button was specifically produced for the Scottish-Rite lodges in England who provided an avenue for our enlightened visionaries to have access to manufacturing and other trade relations post war. There is reasonable speculation for both of my theories, but I know for certain that with the war in Europe against the French this would definitely not be a popular sales item as the “Long Live The King” buttons being produced at the same time for George III. 

      GWI 24-A is the best George Washington inaugural button ever created that houses so many multi-layered allusions into the Scottish Royal culture. The stipples and stripes should be taken together with the eagle as a whole to represent America will go into the future with it’s own virtue with the Ideals of the Grand Architects Design. The truth about the 7 horizontal stipples (dots) across the top of the shield represent the countries from which the original colonies have been peopled by ( England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Germany, Canada, and Holland). The 13 vertical stripes in the lower portion of the shield represents the 13 colonies that have become unified as one (E. Pluribus Unum). As a salute and tribute to George Washington this multi-layer allusion reflects the undercurrent support by the high-society enlightened visionaries who work through Washington to unites the whole country and preside over Congress in a representational way of the common citizen. Circling around the inner perimeter is an incuse ring of very detailed short lines. I would consider this an Artisans personal choice of decorative detail. Circling around the legend is the unique Scottish tribute to the Regnal Crown Jewels of Scotland. Each jewel is separated by set of twenty “5” finely etched decorative lines. This is in direct reference and messaging of the Bonnie Prince Charlie, and his 5 Petal White Rose he picked during the Hanoverian War and put into his cockade before battle. Bam! this Blanton’s is good stuff. lol

Rob & Dales extra collector’s notes:

     One theory on the Estoile’s Deep Impression is that this could have possibly have been fitted for a jewel, such as a small Emerald signifying the colors of Scotland. Some kind of clear adhesive could have possibly been used. Dale doesn’t believe it was cut-in  for a Jewel. He believes the deep impression, and cross hatch was just added for a glimmering-bling effect to play off a room’s candle or possibly the sun’s light. Either of these two theory is acceptable in my opinion. I do agree that these elaborate Gilt embellished jewelers cuts were done to give GWI 24-A that extra Special Sparkle in the Sunlight; and also offer the wearer an extravagant fashionable political statement to his wardrobe in attendance of a political function or social grand ball. 

   *** With this new addition, there will be three known GW buttons that are made to Sparkle in the Light, GWI-7B, GWI-21, and the newest re-discovered member to the GW! button family GWI 24-A! All were hand chased and specially crafted by artisans with special intent.

     This is 1 of 2 known George Washington Inaugural Button to be Dug (in England) outside of the United States!

 

BRASS 20_20 OBL_IND.DUG IN HAPTON (NORFOLK COUNTY) ENGLAND AUG 2011 rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O (1)

0 inverted Triangles DUG IN HAPTON (NORFOLK COUNTY) ENGLAND AUG 2011 rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

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GWI 24-A THE FEDERAL EAGLE WITH SCOTTISH JEWEL LEGEND INDENTEES

Color: An Emerald Green With Gold Pattern Highlights.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Hand Engraved Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 34.75mm. Inaugural Size.
Rarity: R-7 (1 of 2 Known)
Variety Type: 20 Jewel Shape Legend Indentees, 20 Sets of 5 Etched Lines.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional Impression Remains.
Obverse Button Analysis: Along with the customs ordered  GWI 25, Isabela’s War Eagle this button is the most important and rarest inaugural button to exist !
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. 

Library Records Has Limited Information GWI 24 A-1:
History:          Yes          Recorded Sales Price:         Yes
Current Button Owner and Location:        ~ New York ~

Dug around Hampton in Norfolk County England.

RJ Silverstein’s Isabela Collection.~

 

The following makers marks found are again, consistant with all the marks found on all of the GW buttons studied. We find Trenchards letter “J” in the eye ball of the bird. Several makers marks “V” are found and one VERY unique aspect is that the birds leg joint bend is made to be a chevron “V” as seen on original surviving US Great Seal, the handful. Where this evidence found on this button is “Exceptionally Valuable” as hard evidence that Scot and his associates where behind the making of all of the Washington buttons and these rare eagle buttons. This button has three, clearly seen letter “A’s” that would represent Samuel Allardice who’s marks are found on the Great Seals. Sometimes his marks are clearly seen as “SA” for his name. Scot’s “S” mark is found on an angle, often Scot’s “S” marks are seen as a near number 8 in design. Based on the surviving proposed Great Seal design that has the Fire Pilar and the Jacobite symbolism. The Letter “S/8” can signify te exiled King, James Francis Edward Stuart VIII. Paintings and other engravings of the king by Scot’s teacher, show these “S/8” symbols in his surviving works.

 

 

 

GWI 24-A THE FEDERAL EAGLE WITH SCOTTISH JEWEL LEGEND INDENTEES

Color: A Rich Green With Gold Pattern Highlights.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Hand Engraved Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 35mm. Inaugural Size.
Rarity: R-7 (2 of 2 Known)
Variety Type: 20 Jewel Shape Legend Indentees, 20 Sets of 5 Etched Lines.
Present Condition: A Dug Specimen, A Poor Planchet Condition, A Good Impression Remains.
Obverse Button Analysis: 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank.

Library Records Has Limited Information GWI 24 A-2:
History:        Yes           Recorded Sales Price:       Yes
Current Button Owner and Location: ~ No ~

Dug in Fareham, England.
Owned by Craig Slater until 2016.~

Note to owner: Do Not Try to Renovate this button. Especially, by anyone who contacts you. THIS WILL DEVALUE THE BUTTON FROM LEAVING IT IN ITS NATURAL STATE! YOU SHOULD VIEW THIS AS A GIFT BETWEEN SCOTTISH MASONIC BROTHERS TO CELEBRATE THEIR SUCCESS. I WOULD HAVE BOUGHT THIS FROM CRAIG, BUT I NEED OTHERS TO OWN THESE BUTTONS ALSO. HOPE YOU CHERISH THIS JACOBITE COMMEMORATIVE OF SUCCESS.