The foundation of my work will start with the unpublicized-premise that there was a Strong Jacobite movement within the aristocratic class of the American Colonies prior too, and then well after the American Revolution. These Scottish Royal family loyalists were accomplished artisans that monopolized the commissioned work for engraved objects that bore America’s new official insignias. They possessed both the historical knowledge and the needed skills to hide tribute symbols in relation to Religion and the Royal Culture of Scottish Royal families. I have two theories for their motives and intentions. First, is that Robert Scot and his Philadelphia Artisans had a secret unpublicized fallback plan. It was to establish a Scottish heraldry base of authority incase America’s new experiment of a democratic republic run by the people failed. Up to this point, all of the different countries around the world are are ruled by various monarchies. Second, to establish a Scottish heraldry base of authority incase Americas new experiment with a democratic republic was successful. lol either choice wins. We know the exiled Scottish aristocrats came shortly after the dethronement of King James to start a new republic. They had the opportunity to set up their class structure to have economic banking as well as obtain key positions of power. The original goal of this website was to be an early American Button & Engraved Artifact Library to help fellow collectors learn about the objects they collect, but this mission has now changed. With our new identification breakthroughs with finding maker’s marks and symbols; the historical intent of the engraver can now be added to the historical significance of each artifact. We as Americans can take the next step forward into our undocumented and unknown history, and add explanations to historical questions that have gone unanswered in certain engraved artifacts. It is our intent to introduce new conclusions based on evidence that has gone unexamined by prior researchers. There are other post colonial engravers who’s work we will study such as, Doolittle and J. Wright who operated outside of the engraving guild, but most of our emphasis will be on the socially prominent Philadelphia Artisans that were brethren to each other. They were morally enlightened men, and held strong loyalty ties to the Scottish Royal families who’s lineage dates back thousands of years to ancient times. These highly skilled men were privy to a 1st hand education from birth, and were apprenticed because of birthright by well known European masters in the various (engraved) Arts. Everything they engraved shows their tribute and complete understanding of ancient symbols that were used for thousands of years by the ancient European Royal families who truly believed their lineage had direct ties to the Creator, Jesus or God. Scottish Masonry should be viewed separately as an integral platform of symbols used by these prominant men to show how Scottish Royal families tied their lineage to ancient cultures before the 12th century. One should note, there is a distinction of symbol use which is reflected by the artisan’s intent. There is also different types of symbols used in these artifacts that are also determined by the intent of the meaning behind the engraved object. Let me give an example to be clear. Mason symbols like the Eye of Providence or Grand Design theme are well documented and can be found in several of their U.S. governmental engraved works. While one can go back farther in history in other engraved objects and find Scottish masonry symbols that stem from 12th century Scottish Cathedrals. The later ties the Scottish Royal families who built and financially supported their chosen religion and it’s beliefs. The earlier has to do with the guidance of humanity and their societal goals. Just remember to keep them separate when studying these artifacts we present, and realize the intended meaning before you link what ancient culture and time period it originates from. Hopefully, over the years this website will produce many unknown hidden symbols that were secretly placed in the engraved objects that date back thousands of years. To lastly conclude, it is my contention that 18th century Masonry only provided an avenue for Freemason Artists to message with their skills that all people can prosper and move forward in unity for the betterment of the human race. Hence, we have the engraved historical objects that are the foundation of our beloved American culture. So, it is my personal belief that these prominent Philadelphia engravers along with America’s founding fathers understood the Grand Provenance idea for the betterment of society, and it was carried through their engraving work by means of the Artisan Guilds that they controlled. (Of course for profit ) lol So in conclusion, our team is going to study with a new enlightened eye all these 18th century American engraved artifacts. We will now conclusively show how all of America’s symbols have secret hidden tribute symbols toward the Scottish & European Royal families that have roots as far back as the 12 Tribes of Israel and then forward in time to the Merovingian Kings; whose lineage turned into the 18th Century Kings of France, Scotland, and England. Our goal is to understand and tie-in the various ancient cultures beliefs and their use of symbols to make social statements and policies that helped guide their subjects. With our original study of GWI and NNT buttons we will explore how these ancient symbols were turned into propaganda avenues of expression during the European and American wars. In retrospect, these skilled artisans controlled the white collar business infrastructure of America in their various commissioned engravings. Just as the blue collar stone Masons controlled the building of America. In the top link above under Who are the GWI Engravers, I list for the first time in history all the Artisans names who engraved the George Washington inaugural & New Nation Tribute button’s steel dies which (Most) were sent to Birmingham England for manufacturing. Unfortunately, America had limited raw materials and resources to manufacture all of these buttons, but some were. Also some buttons were made outside of the guild by local Artisans who worked with Jewelry and Copper-smithing and these specimens should be noted by their lathe turned backs.