* GWI 26 *
The Re-Purposed Propaganda
of the
1789 Liberty Cap & Pole

House fo Stuart’s Resistance & Restitution

     The Phrygian Cap and Liberty Pole was re-introduced propaganda by Prince Edward Stuart in 1745 as a political and social statement agaisnt the House of Hanover. The Jacobite movement was revitalized the Bonnies use again in the 1760’s and reintroduced by an Englishmen-publisher John Wilkes. His printing war and personal association with Benjamin Franklin through England’s social clubs was carried across the Atlantic into the British Colonies in America by the 1770’s.

     They Jacobite movement did not completely die out after the Battle of Culloden in 1746, there would be a new generation of sympathizers in Scotland’s Universities, and later social clubs in England. As with any movement they re-purposed earlier propaganda tools to fit their cause along the way. The symbol of the Liberty Cap and Pole took a new face and became a social identity for ones political and social views that were Pro-Bonnie and the Restoration of the House of Stuart. Even though the Hanover’s re-introduced it originally after the 1707 Act, in a persuasive Aristocratic  propaganda war against King James II of Scotland, it was turned back (40 years later) upon the Hanover’s by Prince Edward Stuart in 1744-1746. The contextual meaning of this symbol really had the core of the publics Resistance and Restitution from the beheading of Charles I to the return of Charles II.

     So, this was re-purposed once again using a Scot context of “Resistance and Restitution” of the House of Stuart. This Scot propaganda War then became transatlantic through Scottish Rite Freemasonry Lodges and would transform the use once again and re-purpose it for the Patriot Cause in the City of New York by Morin Scot. He also happen to be an indirect bloodline to Prince Edward Stuart, and also a founder of the Sons of Liberty in 1760’s. The Liberty Cap & Pole symbolic face became transfigured and re-purposed once again in the British Colonies in America shifting away from Prince Edward Stuart’s personal use against his distant cousins into the British Colonists need of liberty and independence.

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     Even though the context remained the same of Resistance toward the Hanoverians, it metamorphosed and transfigured into a re-purposed propaganda tool and was used in media warfare and taken into the political realm of state political authoritative objects. In a state official government capacity, the design was used on the paper notes for the state of Georgia, and then was later adopted by the Pennsylvania Council of Safety in 1776. This symbol was used on their official wax seal for various board declarations and ratifications when members would meet. One old theory as to this particular button is that it was probably worn by one of the members on the Committee of Safety in Philadelphia. I would like to add he was part of the Freemason culture movement. 

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GWI 26 THE 1789 LIBERTY CAP ON A POLE : This button was Hand Engraved by Frances Shallus on a plain thin colonial copper planchet. His engraver’s Mark is in the “1”The Size for GWI 26 is 34mm, and has a R-6 Rating. This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The button’s pattern depicts a two-dimensional design of a Liberty Cap on a Pole, with the inaugural year, “1789” below. The year is etched in wide Arabic Style Numbers. For added artistry, the engraver etched small squiggly lines around the outside of the Pole, around the perimeter of the Liberty Cap, and inside of the 1789 Year Date.

 

 Jacobite Royal Liberty Button
Pre-Revolution 

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     This is not the only button to have the Liberty Cap and Pole. As  pictured above, this is an earlier rendition using Royal connotation of the Honey Bee and was most likely used within Freemason lodges to show support for Prince Edward Stuart’s Restoration by Jacobite Sympathizers in America. The Honey Comb acts as a Divinity Link related to the Bonnie’s Royal Authority with Merovingian Bloodlines to Jesus.

     Since a second 1789 Liberty Cap & Pole specimen was found, I can only logically surmise it was made for a Jacobite sympathizer for the continued revolution of the Bonnie. It is still very questionable if at one point a steel die hub was cut, and a limited number of them produced, then hand etched.

*One of the two known buttons is currently in the Mint Collection, which resides in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. ~ In addition to the Cobb Specimen, Helen Richmond found one in Florida.

 

 

GWI 26-A THE LIBERTY CAP ON A POLE WITH THE INAUGURAL YEAR:

Color: A Nicely Aged Coppery Brown Color with a Mustard Tone.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Hand Fashioned Design, Copper.
Size: 34mm.
Rarity: R-6
Variety Type: 1789, Wide Numbers.
Present Condition: A Non Dug Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Excellent Impression Remains.
Obverse Button Analysis: This is as close as you can get to mint or museum quality a button can get to. There was only three known owners of this rare button. The copper planchet is solid and flat, and shows no signs of metal fatigue or deterioration. The button has an even copper color throughout the surface, and free of any scratches or harsh abrasions. The Liberty Cap, the Pole, and the Inaugural Year Date all have nice cuts with good detail. The little circular etchings around the the designs are very clear and easily seen. Overall this is a wonderful example that has been preserved nicely.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. There is no recorded flaws to the surface.

Library Records Has Limited Information GWI 26 A-1:
History:       Yes          Recorded Sales Price:                   Yes

Current Button Owner and Location: (Possible Location is the Smithsonian)

Stacks Auctions January 2003.~
Harold Cobb/Descendants 1960 to 2003.~
Cobb Purchased this from F. Cross (Ball) in 1960.~

 

 

GWI 26-A THE LIBERTY CAP ON A POLE WITH THE INAUGURAL YEAR:

Color: A Nicely Aged Coppery Brown Color with a Mustard Tone.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Hand Fashioned With Neddles, Copper.
Size: 34mm.
Rarity: R-6
Variety Type: 1789. The Celestial Planets.
Present Condition: A Non Dug Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Excellent Impression Remains.
Obverse Button Analysis: There was only three known owners of this rare button. The copper planchet is solid and flat, and shows no signs of metal fatigue or deterioration. The button has an even copper color throughout the surface, and free of any scratches or harsh abrasions. The Liberty Cap, the Pole, and the Inaugural Year Date all have nice cuts with good detail. The little circular etchings around the the designs are very clear and easily seen. Overall this is a wonderful example that has been preserved nicely.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. 

The Brook Moore Collection.