* 1812 – 1851 *
The Federal Army
Ordnance Department
Artillery & Corps

~ The Ordnance Dept 1812-1860 ~

Federal Ordnance Flaming Bomb Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1830-40’s Ordnance Department 

 

     The Ordnance Department was first established in May of 1812. The department came about because the Army had difficulties in supplying ordnance materials to their troops during the War of 1812. Their main function and assignment was the development, and procurement of weapons for the army. The department reached it’s height by 1815, and then with the reduction of the Army 1821, it was merged with Artillery. Even though it was merged, it still kept it’s distinct function and designation. In 1832 under Andrew Jackson, the department was reorganized and fully restored to it’s previous status as it’s own entity. Their main mission remained the development and procurement of weapons to the Army. The earliest reference to buttons is a General Order Adjt. & Inspection of March 15, 1816: The uniforms will be the same as the Artillery, except for the buttons which will have an Eagle on a cross cannon pattern.~

 

 

 

$_57-2 $_57-3

1812-21 Federal Ordnance Department



Color: Gold.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 23mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: OC 1-B: RV 35
Tice’s Number: ORD100B.1
Variation: Eagle Facing Left / Ringed Cross Cannons / 3 Cannon Balls Underneath the Cross hatch. 
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.

Isabela’s Notes: This is the first ordnance pattern that was issued. There are three known die variants in this original series. All depict the eagle facing left standing on a set of cross cannons. This button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Facing Left while perched on a set of Ringed Cross Cannons. There are Three Cannon Balls underneath the Cross Hatch of the Cannon Barrels. The pattern is set on a circular lined field in high relief. There is an outside 1.5mm raised picture frame border around the inner lined field. The is an exceptional example of this old button.

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. LEWIS & TOMES. EXTRA RICH. In a depressed channel.



The J. Baldwin Collection.  

 

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 1830's Federal Ordnance Dept. 21.5mm Gilt Brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o 1830's Federal Ordnance Dept. 21.5mm Gilt Brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R copy

1812-1821s Federal Ordnance Department



Color: A Golden Silver with Green Encrustations.

Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.

Size: 21.5mm. Coat Size 

Albert’s Number: Similar to OC 1-A: RV 35

Tice’s Number: Similar to ORD100A.1

Variation: Flat Head Eagle Facing Left / Ringed Cross Cannon / Three Cannon Balls underneath the Cross Hatch.

Present Condition: An Excavated Speciemn, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains. 

Isabela’s Notes: This is an earlier die variant of the first series. Either this button was supplied by an English manufacturer prior to Armitage, or Armitage didn’t over stamp the reverse planchet. We know that Armitage / Phil used this earlier planchet and struck over the H. T & D Treble Gilt Strand Colour English Back mark. This button’s pattern depicts a Flat Head Eagle Facing Left while perched on a set of Ringed Cross Cannons. There are Three Cannon Balls underneath the Cross Hatch of the Cannon Barrels. The pattern is set on a circular lined field in high relief. There is a raised picture frame border around the inner lined flat field. This button could have been issued later and used in the 1830’s. (Treble 55)

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. TREBLE GILT STANDD COLOUR within a 2 dm ring.



This Button was Dug in Charleston, South Carolina.~

Picture Courtesy of Harry Ridgeway.

 

 

 

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1816-21 Ordnance Dept Albet's OC1-C.22mm Brass No Shank PD $140 8-13-14 O1816-21 Ordnance Dept Albet's OC1-C.22mm Brass No Shank PD $140 8-13-14 r

 

1812-1821s Federal Ordnance Department



Color: A Golden Silver with Green Encrustations.

Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 21.98mm. Coat Size 

Albert’s Number: OC 1-C:  RV 35

Tice’s Number: Similar to ORD100A.1

Variation: Round Head Eagle Facing Left / Ringed Cross Cannon / Three Cannon Balls underneath the Cross Hatch.

Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, A Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains. 

Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least 3 variations of this button, but there maybe another die variant. The depiction remains constant, only the depiction of the eagle varies slightly. This button’s pattern depicts a Round Head Eagle Facing Left while perched on a set of Ringed Cross Cannons. There are Three Cannon Balls underneath the Cross Hatch of the Cannon Barrels. The high relief pattern is set on a evenly lined field. There is a raised circular picture frame edge border. 

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. 

The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

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 1830-40's Federal Ordnance Flaming Bomb Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1830-40's Federal Ordnance Flaming Bomb Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1834-51 Federal Ordnance Department Officer’s Staff Button



Color: A Gilded Brown.
Metal: Low Convex, 3-Piece Wide Rim, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.
Size: 21.70mm. Coat Size 
Albert’s Number: OC 3: RV 12

Tice’s Number: ORD 200D.1
Variation: Large Bomb with a Tree like Flame / Double Ring Cross Cannons / Initials U S.


Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains. 

Isabela’s Notes: This button was intended for officers who served in the Ordnance Department. The pattern was made by a number of American manufacturers between 1834 & 1851. This button has been found at several Civil War sites, but was mostly used during the Mexican War. There appears to be 4 categories of die variants that differentiate by the bomb’s fuse. The first has a wide fuse hole, the second has a medium fuse hole, the third has a spaghetti like fuse hole, and the fourth has a narrow spout or tree like fuse The button’s pattern depicts a Large Bomb with a Tree like Flame, that is set above Double Ringed Cross Cannons. Upon the Cannon’s Barrels is the initials, “U S” in high relief. There is a flat picture frame border around the inner lined convex field.

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a three one-piece button with a copper loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. * graphic design U.S. graphics design* / ORDNANCE CORPS dm inner ring of circles. (United States 10)

Picture Courtesy of Harry Ridgeway.

Robert’s Notes: The combination of the outdates style of the button as well as the location of this style button makes it very likely the Confederacy re-purposed this button for the use by Artillerymen. 

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1834-51 Federal Ordnance 15mm Gilded Brass Tices ORD200Bsa.1 :Tices OC3 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o 1834-51 Federal Ordnance 15mm Gilded Brass Tices ORD200Bsa.1 :Tices OC3 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1834-51 Federal Ordnance Department



Color: A Silvery Brown.

Metal: Low Convex, 3-Piece Wide Rim, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.

Size: 15.06mm. Cuff Size 
Albert’s Number: OC 3Bv.: RV 12

Tice’s Number: ORD200 Bsa.1
Variation: Small Bomb with a Small Fuse Flame / Double Ring Cross Cannons / U S Initials. 

Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button has three known die variants for the bomb’s fuse flame in the small cuff pattern. The first has a small fuse flame, the second has a feathery fuse flame, and the last has a wind blown fuse flame. The button’s pattern depicts a Small Bomb with a Small Fuse Flame that is set over a pair of Double Ringed Cross Cannons. Upon the Cannon’s Barrels is the country’s initials, “U S” in high relief. The high relief pattern is set on a lined convex field with an angled picture frame edge border. Ordnance cuff buttons are usually hard to obtain without shanks, and un dug specimens are the rarity.

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a 3-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. .SCOVILLS./WATERBURY dm.

Excavated on a Civil War Battle field site, Berkley’s Plantation, (near Harrison’s Landing) VA. Most likely Army of the Potomac.


The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

 

 

 

1834-51 Federal Ornance 14.76mm. Brass RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R 1834-51 Federal Ornance 14.76mm. Brass RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1834-51 Federal Ordnance Department



Color: A Greenish-Brown Patina.

Metal: Low Convex, 3-Piece Wide Rim, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.

Size: 15mm. Cuff Size 
Albert’s Number: Unlisted Die Variant Similar to OC 3Bv.: RV 100

Tice’s Number: Unlisted Die Variant Similar to ORD 200 Bsb

Variation: Small Bomb with a Wind Blown Fuse Flame / Double Ring Cross Cannons / U S Initials.

Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, Good High Relief Pattern Remains.


Robert’s Notes: This is another die variant made by scovills. The button’s pattern depicts a Small Bomb with a Wind Blown Fuse Flame that is above a pair of Double Ringed Cross Cannons. On the Cannon’s Barrels is the country’s initials, “U S” in high relief. The high relief pattern is set on a lined convex field with an angled picture frame edge border. This die variant would be the most difficult to obtain by collectors.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a 3-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. .SCOVILLS./WATERBURY dm.



The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

 

 

1860 Federal Ordnance 23.2mm Gilt Brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R 1860 Federal Ordnance 23.2mm Gilt Brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1860’s to Post War Federal Ordnance Department



Color: Antique Golden Brown.

Metal: 2-Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.

Size: 23.20mm. Coat Size 
Albert’s Number: OC 4: RV 5

Tice’s Number: ORD 209B.1

Variation: Four Double Ringed Cross Cannons / Large Angled Ringed Breech / 90 Degree Angles / Raised Dots / Four Small Decorative Elongated Diamond. 

Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, Exceptional High Relief Pattern.

Isabela’s Notes: The pattern dates from the early 1840’s, but this particular button’s back mark dates to 1860. Steele & Johnson could have subcontracted these (Horstman A01) There are two known die variants made for this pattern. One with single ring cannon tubes, and the other with double ringed tubes. More then one manufacturer did make this pattern, so the buckled garter is distinctive to each manufacturer. The button’s pattern depicts Four Double Ringed Cross Cannons with a Large Angled Ringed Breech. In this die variant, the cannon’s tubes are crossed at angles Less then 90 Degrees. There is a flaming bomb set between the cannon’s top cross hatch, and has it’s flame above the buckled garter. Circling on top of the cannon’s tubes is a Buckled Garter with a foundation of Raised Dots. Written within the garter’s channel is the designation “ORDNANCE * CORPS” in raised Roman Font Capital Letters; followed by Four Small Decorative Elongated Diamonds, a buckle/strap, a Buckle Hole, a small Buckle, and an Additional Buckle Hole. The high relief pattern is set on a convex lined field, with a thin raised collar’s edge. Collectors usually take distinctive note between manufacturer’s specimen’s who’s cannon barrels are crossed at angles less then 90 degrees, and the ones that are crossed at right angles. Both types were manufactured from the early 1840’s. Also there is a decorative distinction to the buckled garters themselves.

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece-piece button with a copper loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. dm HORSTMAN . BROs . & . ALLIEN./N.Y. within a dotted channel ring. shank is shallow concave well.

Picture Courtesy of Harry Ridgeway.

 

 

 

 

1850's Federal Ordnance Dept 23mm Gilded BrassGeorgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1850's Federal Ordnance Dept 23mm Gilded BrassGeorgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1840’s to Post War Federal Ordnance Department



Color: Antique Golden Brown.

Metal: 2-Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.

Size: 22.93mm. Coat Size 
Albert’s Number: OC 5.: RV 2

Tice’s Number: ORD 215A.1

Variation: Four Single Rings Cross Cannons / Right Angles / Buckled Garter – Pebbled / One Decorative Elongated Diamond / Buckle.

Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Casting, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: The pattern dates from the early 1840’s, but this particular button’s back mark dates to the early 1850’s. It was originally intended for officers of the Ordnance Dept. who were responsible for the procurement and development of weapons for the Army to use. This pattern was made by several manufacturers, so several die variants are known. The button’s pattern depicts Four Single Rings on a set of Cross Cannons. In this die variant, the cannon’s tubes are set at Right Angles. There is a flaming bomb set between the cannon’s top cross hatch, and it’s flame is above the buckled garter. Circling over the cannon’s tubes is a raised Buckled Garter that is Pebbled. Written within the garter’s channel is the designation, “ORDNANCE CORPS” in Thick Roman Font Capital Letters. This is followed by One Decorative Elongated Diamond, a circling buckle strap followed by a Round Buckle. The high relief pattern is set on a convex lined field with a thin raised edge. Collectors usually take distinctive note between manufacturer’s specimen’s who’s cannon barrels are crossed at angles less then 90 degrees, and the ones that are crossed at right angles. Both types were manufactured from the early 1840’s. Also there is a decorative distinction to the buckled garters themselves.

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece-piece button with a copper loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. dm D.EVANS & CO.ATTLEBORO. MASS within swallow tailed ribbon with rosette between the ends.

The

RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

B6742A B6742B

1860’s to Post War Federal Ordnance Department



Color: A Bright Gold.

Metal: 2 Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.

Size: 23.03mm. Coat Size

Albert’s Number: OC 5.: RV 2

Tice’s Number: ORD 215A.6
Variation: Four Single Ringed Cross Cannons / Right Angles / Buckled Garter – Raised Dots 4 Additional Buckle Holes / One Decorative Elongated Diamond. 


Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is another manufacturer’s pattern who’s die variant is just slightly different. In this variant, the buckle holes are open circles, and the Roman Font capital letters are thinner. The button’s pattern depicts Four Single Rings on a set of Cross Cannons. In this die variant, the cannon’s tubes are set at Right Angles. There is a flaming bomb set between the cannon’s top cross hatch, and it’s flame is above the buckled garter. Circling on top of the cannon’s tubes is a Buckled Garter with a Raised Dot foundation. Written within the garter’s channel is the designation, “ORDNANCE CORPS” in Thin Roman Font Capital Letters. This is followed by One Decorative Elongated Diamond, a circling buckle strap followed by a Buckle Hole, a Round Buckle, and Two more Buckle Holes. The high relief pattern is set on a convex lined field with a thin raised edge. Collectors usually take distinctive note between manufacturer’s specimen’s who’s cannon barrels are crossed at angles less then 90 degrees, and the ones that are crossed at right angles. Both types were manufactured from the early 1840’s. Also there is a decorative distinction to the buckled garters themselves.

Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece-piece button with a copper loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. *WATERBURY BUTTON CO. **/ WATERBURY * CONN.* is within 2 dm ring of dots, and large periphery ring.



The RJ Silverstein Collection.