* 1808 – 1854 *
Federal Infantry
&
Army Regiments

1812 US Infantry GI-51 I Silvered Brass rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o

1812-15 U.S. Infantry Officer’s Button

*

1808 to 1850’s
U.S. Federal Infantry Patterns

     By the early 1800’s, American button manufacturing was in full swing with flamboyant patterns and superior manufacturing techniques. Simple numbered patterns numbers were replaced with more artistic foliated letters, star patterns, and a wide variety of federal eagles. Molded pewter buttons changed into more complex metal alloys for durability.  States militia officers were known to purchase their own buttons in a higher retail and prestigious display then general issue types with federal motifs. Most higher end buttons still were manufactured in Birmingham England. These superior quality buttons most likely showed backmarks of proud manufacturers. In the first section I will display federal patterns issued and demonstrate the subtle differences within the same pattern. The thing to note is how the manufacturing process improved to provide more durable lasting buttons. Enjoy the read!

 

1808-30’s U.S. Army General Service

Color: Pewter Grey with Hints of Red Undertones.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.5mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 30-A Unlisted Variant RV 25
Variation: Thin Roman Block Font Letters / Letter Size 3. 6.5mm
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least five known die variants for the coat size General Service button. Albert’s book doesn’t picture a specimen with skinny letters such as this example. The difference between the variants are in the circumference size, the style of letters used, and if the field between the letters is blank, or if a six pointed star is present. This button’s pattern depicts the country’s initials, “US” in Thin Roman Block Font Letters. The letter size for this die variant is 3. 6.5mm roughly. This die variant has a Plain Field between the wide-spaced letters. The high relief pattern is set on plain flat field with no decorative or raised edge border. Even though this is a common button to find for collectors, this thin letter variant is a bit more scarce. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The boss is present, but the loop is broken off.

This was excavated in South Carolina by the owner in Fresh Water.
The Keith Nixon Collection.~

 

 

1808-30's US Army General Service 18.69mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 30-A Orig. Shank georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-30’s U.S. Army General Service

Color: A Metallic Steel Gray.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 18.69mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 30-A RV 15
Variation: Thick & Thin Roman Font Style Letters / Letter Size 2mm x 7mm / Wide Plain Field Between Letters.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least five known die variants for the Army’s coat size General Service button. The differences between the variants are in the outer circumference size, the style letters used, and if the field between the letters is blank, or if a six pointed star depicted. This button’s pattern depicts the country’s initials, “US” in both Thick & Thin Roman Font Style Letters. The right hand side of the “U” and the middle of the “S” depicts thicker raised lines. The letters size for this die variant is 5.02mmW x 6.73mmH . This die variant has a Wide Plain Field between the letters. The high relief pattern is set on plain flat field with no decorative edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. The mold line is present. 

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-30's US Army General Service 14.08mm Cast Pewter Orig Shank Albert's GI 30Av rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-30's US Army General Service 14.08mm Cast Pewter Orig Shank Albert's GI 30Av rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-30’s U.S. Army General Service

Color: Two-Tone Brown with Rusty-Brown Patches.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 14.08mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 30-Av.1 RV 7
Variation: Thinner “U” Roman Font Letter / Letter Size 2mm x 3.5mm / Wide Plain Field Between Letters.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least three known die variants for the matching Cuff button, but there were probably more made. There are two differences in the GI 3-A cuff buttons. GI 30A.1 depicts thinner and more close together letters. GI 30A.2 are a little thicker is wider space in the letter size. So the difference is in the thickness and the size of the letters depicted. Meaning some variants depict a wider space to make the letter “U” and the “S” has a slight angle in the belly. Also there is a third GI 30- “B” variant that has a dot between the letters instead of the wide blank space the “A” variant has. The dot variant was most likely made to match the GI 30-B star coat variant. This button’s pattern depicts the country’s raised spaced initials, “US,” in the center and depicts the Thinner GI 30-A.1 Style Roman Letters. The Letter Size for this die variant is 2mm x 3.5mm. This button has a Wide Plain Field in-between the letters. The high relief pattern is set on plain flat field with a slightly elevated edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-30’s U.S. Army General Service

Color: Pewter Grey with Rusty Orange Patches.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 13.42mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 30-Av : RV 7
Variation: Thick Roman Block Font Letters / Letter Size 2mm x 3.5mm / Plain Field.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least three known die variants for the matching Cuff button, but there were probably more made. There are two differences in the GI 30-A cuff buttons. GI 30A.1 depicts thinner and more close together letters. GI 30A.2 are a little thicker is wider space in the letter size. So the difference is in the thickness and the size of the letters depicted. Meaning some variants depict a wider space to make the letter “U” and the “S” has a slight angle in the belly. Also there is a third GI 30- “B” variant that has a dot between the letters instead of the blank wide space the “A” variant has. The dot variant was most likely made to match the GI 30-B star coat variant. This button’s pattern depicts the country’s raised spaced initials, “US,” in the center and depicts the Thicker GI 30-A.2 Style Roman Letters. This die has a Plain Field between the letters. The high relief pattern is set on plain flat planchet with no decorative edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is a soldered on replacement, but straight, and intact.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-30's US Army General Service 19.55mm Cast Pewter Orig Shank Bent Inward-Variation of Albert's GI 30-B georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-30's US Army General Service 19.55mm Cast Pewter Orig Shank Bent Inward-Variation of Albert's GI 30-B georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-30’s U.S. Army General Service

Color: Pewter Grey with Rusty Orange.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.55mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 30-B.1: RV 15
Variation: Thick & Thin Roman Style Letters / Slightly Slanted Thick S Belly / Letter Size 2mm x 7mm / Six Pointed Star.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This General Service specimen uses the very scarce Philadelphia back mark used by William Pinchin after he took over the business from George Armitage in 1825. The backmark reads, “WP PHILADa “. which would make this the first issue for the Army after he took over. This button’s pattern depicts the country’s raised initials, “US” in both Thick & Thin Roman Style Letters. The “S” in this die variant also is Slightly Slanted with an Outward Thick Belly on the curve of the S. Letter Size for this die variant is 2mm x 7mm. There is a raised Six Pointed Star in-between the country’s initials. The high relief pattern is set on plain flat field with no decorative edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Phila / W.P.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-30 US Army General Service Cuff 14mm-RJ Silverstein's-georgewashngtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-30 US Army General Service Cuff 14mm-RJ Silverstein's-georgewashngtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-30’s U.S. Army General Service

Color: A Clay Orange Pewter.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 15mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 30-Bv RV 7
Variation: Thinner U for the Roman Block Font Letters / Dot In-Between the Letters.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button’s pattern depicts the raised country’s spaced initials, “US,” and uses the Thinner Roman Style Font Letter. This button has a Dot In-Between the Letters. The high relief pattern is set on plain flat field with a plain edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original and intact, but slightly bent.

 

 

1808-11 1st Reg.Infantry 15mm pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 1st Reg.Infantry 15mm pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 1st Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Pewter Grey with Hints of Red.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 13.83mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32-R1v-S RV 10
Variation: 1st Regt. / 16 Star Pattern.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Fair Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least four known die variants for the 1st Regiment’s button in coat size, and two for cuff size. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an eagle facing left while perched on an oval circle. Within the oval circle is the1st regiment designation, “1 . R .t”. The eagle is holding small laurel stem in it’s right talon, and it’s left talon is just standing the oval. There are 16 Five-Pointed Stars encircling the edge around the periphery. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field without a raised edge. Cuff variants with stars are a big more scarce then without stars.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The boss and shank are present, but loop is missing the top half. Blank back mark.

Excavated near Milledgeville, Georgia.
The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 2nd Regt US Infantry No Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 2nd Regt US Infantry No Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 2nd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: A Deep Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Copper.
Size: 15mm.                                  Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 32-S R2v: Unlisted Variant RV 50
Variation: Eagle Facing Left/ 2nd Regt. / Olive Branch / 16 Six-Pointed Stars.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This die variant is not listed in Albert’s book. There appears to be at least three known die variants for the 2nd Regiment cuff size button. The letter styles and size of the letters differentiate. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Facing Up & to the Left, while standing on a Mediums Size Oval. The 2nd Regiment of Infantry designation “2. R.” is within the oval’s center. There is No “T” in this die variant. The eagle is holding an Olive Branch in it’s right talon. I believe in this variant, there are 16 Six-Pointed Stars encircling the eagle. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. Most specimens known exhibit sever edge loss.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is missing. No back mark. Mold line is present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 U.S. Infantry 2nd Regiment 20.66mm Pewter Dug at Fort Conde Mobil Alabama 1960 RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 U.S. Infantry 2nd Regiment 20.66mm Pewter Dug at Fort Conde Mobil Alabama 1960 RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 2nd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: A Flashy Silver.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 20.66mm.         Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32R2-C: RV 25
Variation: 2nd Regt. / Olive Branch with Olives.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least five known die variants for the 2nd Regiment’s button in coat size, and three for the cuff size. Albert’s book only lists four patterns. The two main variations collectors should note is in the Arabic number two’s style, and the eagle depicted. This button’s pattern depicts an eagle facing up & to the left, while standing on an oval circle. The 2nd Regiment designation, “2. R.t” is within the oval’s center. In the eagle’s right talon is an Olive Branch with Olives. The high relief pattern is set on a flat plain field with no raised edge border. The coat button is much rarer then the cuff size example.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is present, but loop is broken off. Blank back mark.

Dug in 1960 at Fort Conde, Mobil Alabama.
The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 Infantry Reg. 15mm Pewter. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 Infantry Reg. 15mm Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 2nd Regt. U.S. Infantry

Color: A Pewter Grey with Hints of Green.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 15mm.               Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32R2-E: RV 10
Variation: 2nd Regt. / Olive Branch with Olives.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is another die variant that was used for the 2nd Regt.. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Facing Up & to the left, while standing on an Oval Circle. The 2nd Regiment designation “2. R.t” is within the oval’s center. In the eagle’s right talon is an Olive Branch with Olives. The high relief pattern is set on a flat plain field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is present, but loop is broken off. Blank back mark.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 Infantry 2nd Reg. 15mm Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R1808-11 Infantry 2nd Reg. 15mm Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1808-11 2nd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: A Silvery-Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 20mm.               Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32-R2-S: RV 10
Variation: 2nd Regt. /16 Star Pattern / Small Oval.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least five known die variants for the 2nd Regiment’s button in coat size, and three for cuff size. Albert’s book only lists four patterns. This coat button’s pattern depicts an eagle facing up & to the left, while standing on a Small Oval. The 2nd Regiment designation “2. R.t” is within the oval’s center. The eagle is holding an Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In this variant, there are 16 Six-Pointed Stars circling around the edge. The high relief pattern is set on a plain field with a thin raised edge. Some collectors report this button in both pewter and yellow metal.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is present, but loop is broken off. Blank back mark.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 2nd Infantry Reg. 15mm Alberts GI 32-s RV Pewter RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 2nd Infantry Reg. 15mm Alberts GI 32-s RV Pewter RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 2nd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: A Pewter Grey with Hints of Red.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Wash, Cast Pewter.
Size: 15mm.                                    Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 32-S R2v: Unlisted Variant RV 50
Variation: 2nd Regt. / 16 Six-Pointed Stars.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This die variant is not listed in Albert’s book. There appears to be at least three known die variants for the 2nd Regiment cuff size button. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Facing Up & to the left, while standing on a Small Oval. The 2nd Regiment designation “2. R.t” is within the oval’s center. The eagle is holding an Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In this variant, there are 16 Six-Pointed Stars circling around the button’s edge. The high relief pattern is set on a plain field without a raised edge. Silver Wash Pewter buttons are rare to find without pewter and color degradation. Most specimens exhibit sever edge loss.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Blank back mark.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 2nd Infantry Reg. 14.92mm Alberts GI 32-Unlisted RV Pewter RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 2nd Infantry Reg. 14.92mm Alberts GI 32-Unlisted RV Pewter RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R2

1808-11 2nd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: A Silvery Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 14.67mm.                       Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 32   Unlisted Variant RV 200
Variation: Large Circular Oval / 2nd Regt. / Olive Branch.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, A Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is rarest die variant for the 2nd Regiment cuff button. This is not listed in Albert’s book or any other book. Unlike the other four die variants, there is a different and unique style eagle depicted, along with a larger more circular oval. As with the other variants in this series, the button’s pattern depicts an eagle facing up and to the left, while standing on a Large Circular Oval. The 2nd Regiment designation “2. Rt” is within the oval’s center. The eagle is holding a crude style Olive Branch in it’s right talon. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field without a raised edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. No back mark.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 US Infantry 3rd Regiment 20.97mm Silver Wash Pewter Similar to Albert's GI 32 Dug around Ocilla River in Lamont Florida PD $115. 03-19-13 R

1808-11 3rd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Forest Green.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter / Yellow Metal.
Size: 20.97mm.                                       Coat Size
Albert’s Number: Very Similar to GI 32-C R3: Unlisted Die Variant RV 50
Variation: 3rd Regt./ Olive Branch / Bundle of Three Arrows
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Fair Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Albert only lists one die variant for the 3rd Regt. in his book. There are at least two others with this specimen. There could possibly be more, just none I can find pictured in any books. This die variant shows a different Arabic Style number and eagle depicted then Albert’s plate specimen. This scarce button’s pattern depicts an eagle looking left while perched on a large oval. The 3rd Regiment designation, “3. Rt” is in the center. In the eagle’s right talon is both a Small Olive Branch, and a small Bundle of Three Arrows that are pointing to the right. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original and intact, but slightly bent over. No back mark or mold line.

Another one dug by J.B. at a ferry crossing on the Ocilla River in Lamont Florida.~
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1809-11 US Infantry 3rd Regiment 14.85mm Silver Wash Pewter RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R1809-11 US Infantry 3rd Regiment 14.85mm Silver Wash Pewter RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1809-11 3rd Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Silver Wash Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter / Yellow Metal.
Size: 15mm.                                    Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 32-C Rv3: Unlisted Variant RV 50
Variation: 3rd Regt./ Olive Branch / Bundle of Three Arrows
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Albert only lists one die variant for the 3rd Regt. in his book. There could possibly be more, just no current known or listed specimens in any books. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an eagle looking left while perched on a large oval. The 3rd Regiment designation, “3 R.t” is in the center. In the eagle’s right talon is both a small Olive Branch, and Small Bundle of Three Arrows that are pointing to the right. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with pewter loop shank. The shank is present, but loop is broken off. Blank back mark.

Dug by J.B. at a ferry crossing on the Ocilla River in Lamont Florida.~
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-11 4th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Pewter Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter / Yellow Metal.
Size: 19.59mm.        Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32-R4-C          RV 20
Variation: 4th Regt./ Arrows Spread Proportionately / Six Petal Olive Branch
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Albert lists two die variants for the 4th Regt. in his book. This coat button’s pattern depicts an eagle facing left while perched on a large oval circle. The 4th Regiment designation, “4 R.t” is in the center. In the eagle’s right talon, is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows with large tips that are Spread Proportionately from each other. The eagle is also holding a Six Petal Olive Branch. The pattern is set in high relief on a plain field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Blank back mark.

The RJ Silverstein.~

 

 

1808-11 4th Regt Infantry georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 4th Regt Infantry georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 4th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: An Olive Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter / Yellow Metal.
Size: 15mm.                Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32-CR4-CRv         RV 7
Variation: 4th Regt./ Arrows Spread Proportionately / Six Petal Olive Branch
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Albert lists two die variants for the 4th Regt. in his book. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an eagle facing left while perched on a large oval circle. The 4th Regiment designation, “4 R.t” is in the center. In the eagle’s right talon, is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows with large tips that are Spread Proportionately from each other. The eagle is also holding a Six Petal Olive Branch. The pattern is set in high relief on a plain field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Blank back mark.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

Robert’s Notes: Even though most of these patterns are dug from War of 1812 sites, most of the patterns used were issued by the U.S. Military several years before the war. Armitage and Wishart were both making military buttons as far back as 1808, so some of these earlier ones would have been used by both officers, and enlisted men. Congress wasn’t that free with their spending on soldiers supplies and uniforms, and your fancier uniforms and better buttons would have been owned by state’s militia who would have went for English quality.

In the spring of 1812, the 4th, Regt. who was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Miller was ordered to report to Brigadier General Isaac Hull who was the commander of U.S. forces in the Northwest. They reached his headquarters in Detroit on July 6. This was two days after being notified of the declaration of war. A week later, Hull’s force crossed into upper Canada, forming a base at Sandwich. On August 9th, marching south to rendezvous with a supply train from Ohio, the 4th charged and broke a British-Indian force at the Battle of Maguaga. A week after that, Hull surrendered Detroit and his entire command, including the 4th, to an inferior force of British, Canadians and Indians. The 4th marched into captivity at Quebec city where the troops spent a month aboard prison ships in the St. Lawrence River before being exchanged on October 29th. The 4th lost an additional 30 more men during the month’s voyage from Quebec to Boston. The 4th spent the years of 1813 & 1814 on the Lake Champlain front, participating in the battles of the Chateauguay from October 25th, 1813, and then in Lacolle Mills at the end of  March 1814 and the siege of Plattsburgh in September 1814.

 

 

1808-11 5th Regt Infantry 15.02mm Silver Wash Albert's GI 32R5B Orig. Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 5th Regt Infantry 15.02mm Silver Wash Albert's GI 32R5B Orig. Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-11 5th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: An Olive Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter / Silver Wash.
Size: 15.02mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32-R5-B v RV 25
Variation: 5th Regt./ Arrows Spread Proportionately / Six Petal Olive Branch
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Albert also lists two die variants for the 5th Regt. in his book. One has a dot in-between the “5” and the “R” and the other doesn’t. This cuff button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Facing Left while perched on a Large Oval Circle. The 5th Regiment designation, “5 R.t” is in the center. In the eagle’s right talon, is a small Bundle of Three Arrows with large tips that are Spread Proportionately from each other. The eagle is also holding a Six Petal Olive Branch. The pattern is set in high relief on a plain field with no decorative edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Blank back mark. No mold line present.

The RJ. Silverstein collection.~

The 5th Infantry Regiment was nicknamed the “Bobcats.”  It is the third oldest infantry regiment of the United States Army, which can trace its origins back to 1808. It has participated in most of the wars that the United States has fought during its history.
Technically, the 5th Infantry Regiment was created by an Act of Congress on March 3, 1815. It was established to reduce the Regular Army from the 46 infantry and 4 rifle regiments it fielded in the War of 1812 to a peacetime establishment of 8 infantry regiments (reduced to 7 in 1821). The important thing to take from this information is that this is where the Army’s current regimental numbering system really dates from this act.

Six of the old regiments (4th, 9th, 13th, 21st, 40th and 46th) were consolidated into the new 5th Regiment, which was organized on May 15, 1815 under the command of Colonel James Miller. The current 5th Infantry traces its actual origins to the oldest of these regiments, the 4th, which was organized in May–June 1808. After three years of garrison duty in New England, the 4th assembled near Philadelphia in the spring of 1811. From there it proceeded by way of the Ohio and Wabash rivers to Vincennes, Indiana Territory, reporting to the territorial governor, William Henry Harrison, who assembled a force of volunteers and militia around the 4th. They proceeded into north central Indiana to confront the forces of the Shawnee leader Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa, the Prophet, who attacked on the morning of 7 November in the Battle of Tippecanoe, where they were soundly defeated by U.S. forces. Previously the old 4th US Infantry had served as the 4th Sub-Legion in Anthony Wayne’s Legion of the United States which had fought at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794.

The new 5th Regiment’s other ancestors also saw considerable action.

On the Niagara Frontier, the old 9th Regiment served in Winfield Scott’s brigade at the battles of Chippawa in the early part of July of 1814, and then Lundy’s Lane at the end of  July 25th & 26th 1814.

The 21st was originally raised by Eleazar Wheelock Ripley who was trained in both the U.S. Manual of Arms, as well as the British Light Infantry manual. Ripley felt that the 21st should be able to proficiently perform those skills which won the War of Independence, namely, hit and run and skirmish tactics. These were the skills which was to serve this regiment which will be reflected well later in the 1815 war under their new commander Donald Graves. James Miller took over from Ripley in early 1814, after Ripley was promoted to Brigadier General and saw the 21st through its most rigorous tests in battle. The 21st fought at York on April 26th to May 2, 1813, then in Sackets Harbor on May 29th, 1813.  Also, as part of Ripley’s Brigade at Chippawa, Lundy’s Lane and Fort Erie on August 14th, 1814. At Lundy’s Lane, Jacob Brown, the overall U.S. commander, asked Miller if he could take the British artillery on the high ground dominating the battlefield. Miller replied, “I’ll try, sir.” The 21st proceeded to break the British centre and take the guns with a volley and bayonet charge, holding them until the order to withdraw came from General Eleazar Ripley, Generals Brown and Scott having been incapacitated by wounds earlier in the battle. “I’ll try, sir,” then became the 5th Infantry’s regimental motto. 

 

 

1808-11 6th Regt. Infantry Pewter 20mm RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-11 6th Regt. Infantry Pewter 20mm RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1808-11 6th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: A Silvery Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter / Yellow Metal.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 32-C6 RV 20
Variation: 6th Regt./ Arrows Spread Proportionately / Six Petal Olive Branch
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Albert only shows one die variant for the 6th Regt. in his book. This coat button’s pattern depicts an Eagle facing left while perched on a Large Oval Circle. The 6th Regiment designation, “6 R.t” is in the center. In the eagle’s right talon, is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows with large tips that are Spread Proportionately from each other. The eagle is also holding a Six Petal Olive Branch. The pattern is set in high relief on a plain field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a boss and loop shank. The shank is original, and intact, but crushed inward.

The J. H. Collection.~

 

 

1812 8th Regt Infantry RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812 8th Regt Infantry RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1812, 8th Regiment, U.S. Infantry

Color: A Deep Brown With Brass Undertone.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 34-A:8: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I with Decorative Dots / Regiment Number,”8″ / Arabic style Number.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: We know that at least ten regiments (8-18) were issued this infantry pattern. We also know that matching cuffs were made to compliment the coat size. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” with A Decorative Stipple pattern flaring from it. This added flair of dots kind of gives it a foliated vine feel. Underneath is a medium size oval containing the infantry’s Regiment Number,”8″ in an Arabic style number. These infantry regiment coat buttons rarely surface to market, and are much rarer then the common Star versions. Cuff size are a little less scarce, but still difficult to obtain. Specimens usually show edge loss, cracks or just pewter disintegration or with a shank.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. A thin mold line is present

The J. Haney Collection.

 

 

1812 8th Infantry Reg. 14.92mm Alberts GI 34 RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812, 8th Regiment, U.S. Infantry

Color: A Pewter Grey With A Film of Seaweed Green.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 15mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 34-R8: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I with Decorative Dots / Regiment Number,”8″ / Arabic style Number.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: We know that at least ten regiments (8-18) were issued this infantry pattern. We also know that matching cuffs were made to compliment the coat size. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” with A Decorative Stipple pattern flaring from it. This added flair of dots kind of gives it a foliated vine feel. Underneath is a medium size oval containing the infantry’s Regiment Number,”8″ in an Arabic style number. These infantry regiment coat buttons rarely surface to market, and are much rarer then the common Star versions. Cuff size are a little less scarce, but still difficult to obtain. Specimens usually show edge loss, cracks or just pewter disintegration or with a shank.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. A thin mold line is present.

 

 

1812-15 13th regt US Infantry RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1812, 13th Regiment, U.S. Infantry

Color: A Pewter Grey With A Film of Seaweed Green.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 34-R13: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I with Decorative Dots / Regiment Number,”13″ / Arabic style Numbers.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: We know that at least ten regiments (8-18) were issued this infantry pattern. We also know that matching cuffs were made to compliment the coat size. This button’s pattern depicts a large Foliated Script Letter “I” with A Decorative Stipple pattern flaring from it. This added flair of dots kind of gives it a foliated vine feel. Underneath is a medium size oval containing the infantry’s Regiment Number,”13″ in  Arabic Style Numbers. These infantry regiment coat buttons rarely surface to market, and are much rarer then the common Star versions. Cuff size are a little less scarce, but still difficult to obtain. Specimens usually show edge loss, cracks or just pewter disintegration or with a shank.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank.

 

 

1812-15 US Infantry 14th Regiment 20mm Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 US Infantry 14th Regiment 20mm Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1812, 14th Regiment, U.S. Infantry

Color: A Pewter Grey With Orangey Brown Patches.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 34-R14: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I with Decorative Dots / Regiment Number,”14″ / Arabic style Numbers.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: We know that at least ten regiments (8-18) were issued this infantry pattern. We also know that matching cuffs were made to compliment the coat size. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” with A Decorative Stipple pattern flaring from it. The number of stipples could indicate the number of states in the union. This added flair of stipples kind of gives it a foliated vines feel. Underneath is a medium size oval containing the infantry’s Regiment Number,”14″ in  Arabic Style Numbers. These infantry regiment coat buttons rarely surface to market, and are much rarer then the common Star versions. Cuff size are a little less scarce, but still difficult to obtain. Specimens usually show edge loss, cracks or just pewter disintegration or with a shank.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is missing. The mold line is present.

Dug at Sackets Harbor, NY.

 

 

1812 Infantry 15th Regiment 20.80mm Pewter Orig Shank Albert's GI 34R15 RV 25 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812 Infantry 15th Regiment 20.80mm Pewter Orig Shank Albert's GI 34R15 RV 25 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812, 15th Regiment, U.S. Infantry

Color: A Dark Pewter Grey With Brownish-White Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 20.80mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 34-R15: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I with Decorative Dots / Regiment Number,”15″ / Arabic style Numbers.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This rare button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” with a Decorative Stipple Pattern flaring from it. This could represent the number of states int he union. Underneath is a medium size oval containing the Infantry’s Regiment Number,”15″ in Arabic Style Numbers. These infantry regiment coat buttons rarely surface in the market, so collectors should accept all specimens. Most known specimens show edge loss, cracks or just pewter disintegration without a shank.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original straight and intact.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry 20mm Cast Pewter Albert GI 36A.3 Star Down Dug Sackets Harbor,NY georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 U.S. Infantry 20mm Cast Pewter Albert GI 36A.3 Star Down Dug Sackets Harbor,NY georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-1815 United States Infantry

Color: An Army Green with Gray Undertones.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.96 mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36-A.3: RV 6
Variation: Foliated Script I / Open Center 5 Point Star / Star’s Prime Point Down.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” in the center. Underneath is a Small Oval containing a Rowel (Boot Spur) which looks like a Five Pointed Star. This die variant shows the Star’s Prime Point Down. There are twelve known different die variants in this particular series. Some show the letter, “I” with wide, narrow, or medium loops. There are also a few die variants for the star itself. First, is the different directions of the prime point. Second, if the center is solid or hollow; and third is how many points the star has, “5, 6, 8, or 10”. The different variations of obtainable specimens one can obtain makes this a strong collectors favorite.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The button is professionally re-shanked, straight & intact.

Excavated in Sackets Harbor, New York
The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 US Infantry 20mm Flat Pewter rj silversten's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O11812-15 US Infantry 20mm Flat Pewter rj silversten's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: A Desert Clay Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.43mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36-A.2: RV 6
Variation: Foliated Script I / Open Center 5 Point Star / Star’s Prime Point Up.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” in the center. Underneath is a Small Oval containing a Rowel ( Boot Spur) which is shaped like a Five Pointed Star. This die variant shows the Star’s Prime Point Up. There are twelve known different die variants in this particular series. Some show the letter, “I” with wide, narrow, or medium loops. There are also a few die variants for the star itself. First, is the different directions of the prime point. Second, if the center is solid or hollow; and third is how many points the star has, “5, 6, 8, or 10”. The different variations of obtainable specimens one can obtain makes this a strong collectors favorite.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. No back mark. The mold line is present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry 20mm Cast Pewter Albert GI 36 B 6 Point Star PD $45. 04-04-13 O1812-15 U.S. Infantry 20mm Cast Pewter Albert GI 36 B 6 Point Star PD $45. 04-04-13 R 1

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: A Pewter Gray With Silvery Highlights.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 21.01mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36-B: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I / Outlined 6 Point Line Star / Star’s Prime Point Up.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” in the center. Underneath is a medium size oval containing an An Outlined Six Point Line Star pointing up. This could have religious meaning to Bethlehem Star or even the Merovingian King Symbol. There is only one die variant for the coat and cuff button which depicts a six pointed star. Aside from the numbered regiments, the six point star is the hardest to obtain. Collectors should seek any example when available.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. No back mark. the mold line is not present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry 19.82mm Cast Pewter 8 Point Star GI 36C Orig. Shank rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 U.S. Infantry 19.82mm Cast Pewter 8 Point Star GI 36C Orig. Shank rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: A Burgundy Deep Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.82mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36-C: RV 12
Variation: Larger Vertical Foliated Script I / Eight Point Star / Wider Birth Hook Tail.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: We know there are at least two die variants made with a raised eight pointed star. One die variant depicts a slightly slanted “I” and shows a more curled tail. Instead of having foliated leaf pattern it has flair dots. The other die variant shows a more vertical “I” that has a wide birth tail. This variant depicts a Foliated “I”. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Vertical Foliated Script Letter “I” with a Wider Birth Hook Tail. In this variant the tale rests on top of a small raised outline oval. Centered inside of the oval is a raised Eight Point Star. This could be a reference to an ancient Ishtar 8 Ray Star or even a Union flag. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border. This foliated variant is commonly found in the market at a reasonable price.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece casting for the reverse shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. No back mark. The mold line present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 US Infantry 15mm Pewter GI 36C Cuff 8 Point Star Orig. Shank RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 US Infantry 15mm Pewter GI 36C Cuff 8 Point Star Orig. Shank RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: A Flat Gray with Light Brown Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 15.96mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36-Cv: RV 15
Variation: Vertical Foliated Script I / Eight Point Star / Wider Birth Hook Tail.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is the matching cuff button for the foliated “I” with the eight pointed star. The button’s pattern depicts a Vertical Foliated Script Letter “I” with a Wider Birth Hook Tail. In this variant the tale rests on top of a small raised outline oval. Centered inside of the oval is a raised Eight Point Star. This could be a reference to an ancient Ishtar 8 Ray Star or even a Union Flag. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative edge border. The cuff size button is much harder to obtain then the coat size. Specimens without a worn down pattern that have a shank are rare.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece casting for the reverse shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. No back mark. The mold line is present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 US Infantry 8-12 side star pewter cuff georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1812-15 U.S. Infantry

Color: A Silvery Base With Patches of charcoal Green Mix.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 16mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 36-Cv: Unlisted Die Variant RV ?
Variation: Slightly Slanted Script I / Curled Tail / Flair Dots Coming Off and Surrounding / Eight Point Star.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This is the second known die variant with flair dots. It shows a slightly thinner “I” that is slanted. The tail is also more curled. The button’s pattern depicts a Slightly Slanted Script Letter “I” with a more Curled Tail. The letter “I” depicts 13 Flair Stipples Coming Off and Surrounding it. This could represent the 13 original states. In this variant the tale barely touches top of the oval below. Centered inside of the oval is a raised Eight Point Star. This could be a reference to an ancient Ishtar 8 Ray Star or even a Union Flag. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece casting for the reverse shank. The shank is reported original, straight & intact. 

 

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry 19.86mm Cast Pewter Albert GI 36D.1 Blank Oval RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 U.S. Infantry 19.86mm Cast Pewter Albert GI 36D.1 Blank Oval RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: A Dark Grey with Brown and Yellow Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.86mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36-D.1: RV 15
Variation: Foliated I / Narrow Loops / Empty Oval.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There are three known die variants in this series that show an Empty Oval that bares no regiment number or star. The first variation is the size of the foliated script I’s loops. One has narrow loops, one has medium loops, and one has wide loops. Also the one with the narrow loops appears to be a little bit more foliated then the other two. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script Letter “I” in the center of a plain field. The “I” in this button has Narrow Loops. There is an Empty Oval underneath that is void of a star or regiment number. There might have been a possibility that a regiment or company number could have been stamped inside at a later date when issued. (As noted, earlier Infantry Regiment buttons Albert’s GI 34 were manufactured with reg. numbers 1-18 already in the oval). The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative or raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. No back mark. A thin mold line is present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry 14.31mm. Cast Pewter Alberts GI 36Av Solid 5 Point Star No Shank Dug Goss Point Naval Yard, VA Late 90's RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 U.S. Infantry 14.31mm. Cast Pewter Alberts GI 36Av Solid 5 Point Star No Shank Dug Goss Point Naval Yard, VA Late 90's RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: A Charcoal Brown With Light Green Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter/ Brass?
Size: 14.31mm. Vest Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36Av Unlisted Variant: RV 25
Variation: Foliated Script I With A Wide Birth Hook Tail / Medium Size 5 Point Star / Star’s Prime Point Facing Downward.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: So far I know of two die variants for this solid 5 point star pattern. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script letter “I” with a Wide Birth Hook Tail in the center. There is a small oval underneath with Medium Size (Solid-Center) Five Point Star. This die variant has the Star’s Prime Point facing Downward. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with a flat edge border. Un-dug specimens are hard to come by.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is missing. No back mark, but mold line is present.

Dug at Gross Point (Portsmouth) Naval Yard, VA in the 1990’s.~
RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 US Infantry 20mm Flat Pewter rj silversten georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 US Infantry 20mm Flat Pewter rj silversten georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 United States Infantry

Color: An Army Green with Gray Undertones.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 15mm. Vest Size
Albert’s Number: GI 36Av Unlisted Variant: RV 6
Variation: Foliated Script I With A Wide Birth Hook Tail / Small Solid Center 5 Point Star / Star Prime Point down.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Fair Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This button’s pattern depicts a Large Foliated Script letter “I” with a Wide Birth Hook Tail in the center. There is a small oval underneath with Small Solid Center Five Pointed Star. This die variant has the Star’s Prime Point Down. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is missing. No back mark, but mold line present.

Picture Courteous of Harry ridgeway.~

 

 

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAOLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

1815-21 U.S. Federal Infantry

Color: Leather Brown with Orange-Gold Highlights.
Metal: Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.74mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 38-A.1: RV 10
Variation: Standing Eagle / Long Narrow Vertical Spade Shield / No Arrows.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High-Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This series of infantry buttons was manufactured by several companies, and has at least six known die variants. The differences are in the depiction of the eagle, the eagle’s wing length (concerning the shield), and how many arrows the example portrays: 0, 3, or 5. This button’s pattern depicts a Standing Eagle with upraised wings. The eagle is looking up and toward the right. Covering over the eagle’s left wing is a Long Narrow Vertical Spade Shape Shield with a raised outline. In this variant the eagle’s wing does not reach the edge of the shield. Within the shield is a raised script letter, “I” for infantry. There are No Arrows in the eagle’s talon. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with rounded edges.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. CRUMPTON PHILA * within a arm channel.

Excavated at Fort Fisher, North Carolina.
The R J. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1815-21 US Infantry 19.56mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 38-B.2 Orig Shank georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1815-21 US Infantry 19.56mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 38-B.2 Orig Shank georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1815-21 U.S. Federal Infantry

Color: A Brown Speckled Orangey Brown.
Metal: Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19.56mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 38-A.2: RV 10
Variation: Standing Eagle / Large Wide Spade Shield / No Arrows.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High-Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There are at least six manufacturers that made die variants for this button. The differences are in the depiction of the eagle, the eagle’s wing length (concerning the shield), and how many arrows the example portrays: 0, 3, or 5. This button’s pattern depicts a Standing Eagle with upraised wings. The eagle is looking up and toward the right. Covering over the eagle’s left wing is a Large Wide Spade Shape Shield with a raised outline. In this variant the eagle’s wing does not reach the edge of the shield. Within the shield is a raised script letter, “I” for infantry. There are No Arrows in the eagle’s talon. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with rounded edges.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, and intact, but bent over. EAGLE FACTORY rm.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1815-21 US Infantry 14.34mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 38-Av RJ SILVERSTEIN'S GEORGEWASHINGTONINAUGURALBUTTONS.COM O1815-21 US Infantry 14.34mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 38-Bv RJ SILVERSTEIN'S GEORGEWASHINGTONINAUGURALBUTTONS.COM O1

1815-21 U.S. Federal Infantry

Color: A Brown Pewter Mix.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 14.34mm. Cuff / Vest Size
Albert’s Number: GI 38-Av: RV 05
Variation: Standing Eagle with Upraised Wings / Large Wide Spade Shape Shield / Three Arrows in Right Talon?
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This small cuff button’s pattern depicts a Standing Eagle with Upraised Wings that is looking up and to the right. There is a Large Wide Spade Shape Shield covering partially over it’s left wing. The eagle’s wing in this die variant only goes to the middle of the shield. There is a script letter “I” for infantry depicted on the shield. There are no arrows depicted in this cuff’s die variant. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with rounded edges.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, slightly bent, but intact. ********

Excavated at Fort St. Marks, Florida
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1815-21 Infantry GI 38-B.2 3 arrows RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1815-21 Infantry GI 38-B.2 3 arrows RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1815-21 U.S. Federal Infantry

Color: A Black Speckled Pewter Gray.
Metal: Low Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 19mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 38-B.2 RV 10
Variation: Standing Droop Wing Eagle /Small Spade Shape Shield / Three Short Arrows Pointing Downward.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern RemaIns.
Robert’s Notes: We know of at least two companies that produced this die variant that depicts three arrows in the eagle’s right talon. This button’s pattern depicts a Standing Droop Wing Eagle that is looking up and to the right. There is a Small Spade Shape Shield covering partially over it’s left wing. The eagle’s wing in this die variant reaches the edge of the shield. There is a script letter “I” for infantry depicted on the shield. In the eagle’s right talon is Three Short Arrows Pointing Downward. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with rounded-off edges.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. EAGLE / FACTORY rm.

 

 

1812-15 US Infantry Silver GI-40 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 US Infantry Silver GI-40 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1812-15 U.S. Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Silvery Black.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 21.78mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 40-A: RV 50
Variation: Oval with Cross Open-Ends / Twigs & Olive Branch / Thin Five Point Star.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This Silver Officer’s button is the rarest in the 1812-15 series. The button depicts a droop wing eagle facing left, while standing on an Oval with Cross Open-Ends. There is a Thin Five-Point Star in the center of the oval. In the eagle’s right talon is some small Twigs where it meets the oval, and a Six Petal Olive Branch. Circling around the outside edge is the country’s name, “United States“, with the military designation, “ Infantry ” in large Roman Font capital letters. There is a raised Stipple in the bottom legend in-between the words Infantry and United. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field. There are five known die variants in the officer’s series with a Star inside the Oval. There are variances in the stars design, as well as if the button’s pattern has an olive branch or not. All officers buttons were made with a Sheffield Silver finish.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. “Giles/Richards” eagle rm with lines.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry Pewter 22mm Convex Alberts GI 40-B Paid $105.00 10-06-121812-15 U.S. Infantry Pewter 22mm Convex Alberts GI 40-B Paid $105. 10-06-12 R

1812-15 U.S. Infantry.

Color: Pewter Grey.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Pewter.
Size: 20.41mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 40-B: RV 35
Variation: Oval with Cross Open-Ends / Thin Five Point Star / Dot Marker.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Fair Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is the second die variant known in the series. The button’s pattern depicts a droop wing eagle facing left, while while standing on an Oval with Cross Open-Ends. There is a Thin Five-Point Star within the center of the oval. In this die variant, the eagle is “Not” holding an olive branch in it’s right talon. Circling around the outside edge is the country’s name and military designation, “UNITED STATES INFANTRY.”  in large Roman Font capital letters. There is a raised Dot Marker in the bottom legend between the words Infantry and United. The high relief pattern is set on a slightly convex plain field. There are five known die variants in the series with a Star in the Oval. There are variances in the stars design, and also if the pattern includes an olive branch. All officers buttons were made with a Sheffield Silver finish.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece slightly button with a loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. “Giles/Richards” eagle rm with lines.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 U.S. Infantry officer's Convex Pewter W: Iron Shank 19.45mm Orig Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 U.S. Infantry officer's Convex Pewter W: Iron Shank 19.45mm Orig Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 U.S. Infantry.

Color: The Pewter Ghost.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Pewter W/ Iron Shank.
Size: 19.45mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 41-A: RV 35
Variation: Upside Down Floral Oval with Crossed Stems / Five Point Star W/ Long Thin Points / Stipple Marker.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Unlike GI 40’s Sheffield Silver planchet used for officers, this one is made in Pewter with an Iron shank. The button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle with it’s head turned upward facing left. The Eagle is standing on an upside down Floral Oval with Crossed Stems. There is a Five-Pointed Star with Long Thin Points within the center of the oval. Circling around the outside edge is the country’s name and military designation, “UNITED STATES INFANTRY .” in large Roman Font capital letters. There is a raised Stipple Marker in the bottom legend between the words Infantry and United. The high relief pattern is set on a slightly convex plain field. There are five known die variants in the series with the Star in the Oval.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. RM GILES / RICHARDS / EAGLE

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 Infantry Silver Plated Copper 24mm Convex Alberts GI 41-B. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o1812-15 Infantry Silver Plated Copper 24mm Convex Alberts GI 41-B. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1812-15 U.S. Infantry.

Color: The Silver Ghost.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Pewter W/ Iron Shank.
Size: 20.97mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 41-B: RV 35
Variation: Upside Down Floral Oval with Crossed Open-Ends / Thick Five Point Star / Stipple Marker.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is another die variant for the GI 41 Series. The button’s pattern depicts a droop wing eagle with t’s head turned upward while facing left. The Eagle is standing on an Upside Down Floral Oval with Cross Stems. There is a Thick Five-Point Star within the center of the oval. Circling around the outside edge is the country’s name and military designation, “UNITED STATES INFANTRY .” in large Roman Font capital letters. There is a raised Stipple Marker in the bottom legend between the words Infantry and United. The high relief pattern is set on a slightly convex plain field. There are five known die variants in the series with the Star in the Oval. All officers buttons were made with a Sheffield Silver finish.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. Plating is partially chipped off. No back mark

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1812-15 Infantry Officer's or Enlisted Mans Pewter with Iron Shank Orig. Intact 24mm Convex GEORGEWASHINGTONINAUGURALBUTTONS.COM O1812-15 Infantry Officer's or Enlisted Mans Pewter with Iron Shank Orig. Intact 24mm Convex GEORGEWASHINGTONINAUGURALBUTTONS.COM R

1812-15 U.S. Infantry.

Color: Silver Ghost.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Pewter (Silver Variant Known).
Size: 22.5mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 42: RV 35
Variation: Upside Down Floral Oval with Crossed Stems / U.S. in Roman Block Letters.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Fair Planchet Condition, A Fair High Relief Pattern remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button has the initials, “US” in an upside down Floral Oval with Crossed Stems. This variant with the country’s name appears to only have one die variant. The button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle facing left, while while standing on a Floral Oval with Crossed Stems. The country’s initials, “U.S ” is in Roman Font block Letters within the center of the oval. Circling around the outside edge is the country’s name, and military designation, “UNITED STATES INFANTRY “ in large Roman Font capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a slightly convex plain field. Since Pewter breaks down and disintegrates, these are much more rarer then the silvered copper officer specimens.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a soldered on Iron loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. Plating is partially chipped off. No Back mark.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

Robert’s Notes: There is another series of buttons not listed that have the same pattern of an Eagle over an Oval with Cross Open-Ends, that has stars circling around the periphery instead of the country’s name. (This is not to confuse the later patterns of the eagle with the “US” initials in regular ovals).

 

1812-15 Infantry 19.32mm GI 43 A-1 RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 Infantry 19.32mm GI 43 A-1 RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 U.S. Infantry.

Color: Brandish Brass.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Brass.
Size: 19.32mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 43: RV 35
Variation: Oval with Open Crossed Ends / U.S. Script Letters.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be three die variants of this pattern. One with 17 Stars, One with 14 Stars, and One variant with No Stars. Identified cuff variants display Roman Style font for initials. The button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle facing left, while while standing on an Oval with Open Crossed Ends. The country’s initials, “U.S ” is in Script within the center of the oval. Circling around the outside edge is 17 Five Pointed Stars. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field and a plain edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a Wedge Shank with A Drilled eye. RM GILES/RICHARDS / BOSTON. The shank is original, straight & intact.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-12 INFANTRY 22MM PLATED ALBERTS GI 44 r

1808-12 United States Infantry Officer

Color: A Silvery Brown.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 22mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 44: Isabela’s RV 50
Variation: Disk Shaped Center With Long Emanating Rays.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong Impressed Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This early officer’s button could have been manufactured as early as 1808, but most likely around 1812. This is the only known die variant for this pattern, and was most likely intended for Infantry Officers. The button’s pattern depicts a raised Disk Shaped Center with Long Emanating Rays. Encircling the rays in the legend is the country’s name and military designation, “UNITED STATES INFANTRY” in large Roman font capital letters. The impressed pattern is set on a low-convex plain field. Most likely produced for a specific military rank or designation. The button’s design symbolizes a shinning sun or sunburst.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. Armitage backmark with 2 ring rm.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

 

 

1811-12 US Army Infantry 16mm Pewter Cockcade Button Iron Shank Missing 12 Stars Albert's GI 45 No Shank georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1811-12 US Army Infantry 16mm Pewter Cockcade Button Iron Shank Missing 12 Stars Albert's GI 45 No Shank georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1811-12 US Federal Infantry

Color: A Steel Grey With Hints of Lavender.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 16.22mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 45-Av.C: RV 20
Variation: Medium Oval / US Abbreviation / Twelve Six-Pointed Stars.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Fair Planchet Condition, Fair/Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be at least two die variants for this design with 12 stars. They differentiate by a slight variation in the size of the oval and style of letters within.  Any of the cuff variants in this series could have accompanied the larger officer’s silver plated coat buttons with this pattern. This button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle perched on a Medium Size Oval facing left. Within the oval is the Country’s Initials, “US” for United States. Encircling the eagle around the outside edge is 12 Raised Six-Pointed Stars. The high relief pattern is set on a plain slightly convex field. Collectors should seek specimens without too much edge loss. Not sure why Albert gave this series a low RV value, obtaining all three variants in good condition appears to be difficult.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece slightly concave button with an Iron Loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1811 US Army Infantry 13.65mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 46Av-b RJ SILVERSTEIN'S GEORGEWASHINGTONINAUGURALBUTTONS.COM O1811 US Army Infantry 13.65mm Cast Pewter Albert's GI 46Av-b RJ SILVERSTEIN'S GEORGEWASHINGTONINAUGURALBUTTONS.COM R

1811-12 US Federal Infantry

Color: A Steel Grey With Hints of Blue & Gold.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 13.65 mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 46Av: RV 06
Variation: Small Oval / Country’s Initials / 15 Six Pointed Stars.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remain.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be three die variants with this style eagle. They differentiate by how many stars are depicted circling the eagle. Variant A has 15, B:16, and C has 17 Stars. Any of the cuff variants in this series could have accompanied the larger officer’s coat buttons with this pattern. This button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle perched on a Small Oval facing left. Within the oval is the Country’s Initials, “US” for United States. Encircling the eagle around the outside edge is 15 Raised Six-Pointed Stars. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border. This pattern was most likely made around 1811. Un-dug specimens are extremely rare. Collectors should seek specimens without too much edge loss. Not sure why Albert gave this series a low RV value, obtaining all three variants in good condition appears difficult.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece casting for the reverse shank originally. The shank is original, straight, and intact. No back mark and cast mold line is present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

Collector’s Note: The cuff link series of 1808-12 has at least six known die variants. Each of these die variants have their own style eagle, and decorative border. Some have no stars, and some variants show 3, 12, 14, 15, 16, or 17 stars.

It appears Albert broke this series up into separate numbers by the eagle depicted, and not how many stars encircle.

 

1811 US Army Infantry 14mm GI 46 rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o1811 US Army Infantry 14mm GI 46 rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1811-12 US Federal Infantry

Color: Dark Charcoal Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 13.65 mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 46Av-C: RV 06
Variation: Small Oval / Country’s Initials / 17 Six Pointed Stars.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Fair High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be three die variants with this style eagle. They differentiate by how many stars are depicted circling the eagle. Variant A has 15, B:16, and C has 17 Stars. Any of the cuff variants in this series could have accompanied the larger officer’s coat buttons with this pattern. This button’s pattern depicts a droop wing eagle perched on a small oval facing left. Within the oval is the Country’s Initials, “US” for United States. Encircling the eagle around the outside edge is 17 Raised Six-Pointed Stars. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border. This pattern was most likely made around 1811. Un-dug specimens are extremely rare.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece casting for the reverse shank originally. The shank appears to be a replacement shank. No back mark and cast mold line is present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

Collector’s Note: The cuff link series of 1808-12 has at least six known die variants. Each of these die variants have their own style eagle, and decorative border. Some have no stars, and some variants show 3, 12, 14, 15, 16, or 17 stars.
It appears Albert broke this series up into separate numbers by the eagle depicted, and not how many stars encircle.

 

 

1811 Army GI 47 A1v 14mm Pewter 3 Star Orig. Shank RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1811-12 U.S. Federal Infantry

Color: A Golden Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Pewter.
Size: 14.24 mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 47-A.1v: RV 05
Variation: Small Oval /  / 3 Six Pointed Stars.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There appears to be three die variants with this style eagle. They differentiate by how the stars shapes are depicted below the eagle. Variant A has the Hebrew type 6 point star. Type B has the Asterisk type star, and the Bv has no stars at all. Any of the cuff variants in this series could have accompanied the larger officer’s coat buttons with this similar pattern. This button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle holding Two Cross Arrows in it’s left talon, and an Olive Branch with Berries in its right talon. Arced under the eagle is Three Asterisk Type Stars evenly spaced. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative edge border. This pattern was most likely made in 1811 along with Crumpton’s order. Un-dug specimens are commonly seen for a fair price.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece casting for the reverse shank. The shank appears to be original straight, and intact..

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

1812-15 United States Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Tarnished Metal.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Brass.
Size: 23mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 49-A: RV 75
Variation: Eagle Facing Left /Slightly Slanted Lined Federal Shield / 6 Petal Olive Branch / Arrow Pointing Upward Right
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This is one of the earlier designs with the concept of stamping the Regt. # on the button when issued. On page 489 of Albert’s book he gives an example of GI 49R27. This is the only known pattern that use the “U.S. Infant.” abbreviation arced above the eagle. This die variants pattern depicts a Spread Wing Eagle Facing Left, with a Slightly Slanted Evenly Lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Olive Branch with six petals, and two olives. In the eagle’s right talon is an Arrow Pointing Upward to the Right. Above the eagle’s head, is a small raised arced banner with, “U.S. INFANT.” inscribed. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt.” in capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative or raised border edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Thin mold line present.

 

 

1808-25 Infantry milita 1 arrow 24mm silver plate-GW Hunter-RJ-Silverstein-georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1808-12 United States Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Flat Grey.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 24mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 50-A: RV 65
Variation: Eagle Facing Left /Slightly Slanted Lined Federal Shield / Upward Angled Olive Branch / Arrow Pointing to the Right / U.S
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This is one of the earlier designs for the US Infantry pattern. There are two known pattern variations for that use the “US” initials by itself. The difference between the two patterns is the direction the eagle is facing, and the arrow and olive branches are depicted on opposite sides. This die variants pattern depicts a spread wing Eagle Facing Left, with a Slightly Slanted Lined Federal Shield on it’s chest. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with seven petals, and an olive. In the eagle’s right talon is an Arrow Pointing to the Right. Above the eagle’s head, is a small arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed. Slightly above that is the abbreviation for United States, “U.S” in large raised Roman Font letters. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt” in capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative or raised border edge lip.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is un pictured for examination.

 

 

1815-20's De Larue 21.r jacobs button1815-20's De Larue 21.r jacobs button r

1811-24 Federal Infantry Officer Jeweler Cut Coat Button

Color: A Jeweler’s Oiled Silver.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver.
Size: 21.5mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 51-F: RV 200
Tice’s Number: Unlisted – Predecessor to GM206 -Two Piece
Variation: Standing Eagle with Upraised Wings / Head Tilted Up / Round Evenly Lined Field / Round Wide Flat Border.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This series was originally manufactured by Armitage around 1808, and the pattern was used by Infantry officers. This button’s pattern has all the tell tale signs of being made by a high end Jeweler. We know there were other Jewelers besides John De Larue of New Orleans who made special order buttons. These buttons are extremely well crafted, and usually retain 95% of their original patterns. This button was most likely purchased by a well-to-do officers to show his signature button with pride (or ego). This button’s pattern depicts a Standing Eagle with Upraised Wings facing right. In this die variant, the eagle’s Head is Tilted Up, with beak open. Over the eagle’s left wing is a large blank unstamped shield. The high relief pattern is set on a flat Round Evenly Lined Field, with a picture frame Round Wide Flat Border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is slightly concave one-piece button with a Silver loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. NEW. ORLEANS J DELARUE rm script lettering in-between 2 solid rings.

The Jacob W. Collection.~

 

 

1812 US Infantry GI-51 I Silvered Silvered Copper rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o1812 US Infantry GI-51 I Silvered Brass rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1808-25 Federal Infantry Officer

Color: A Tarnished Silvery Brown.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 22.27mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-F: RV 35
Tice’s Number: Unlisted – Predecessor to GM206 -Two Piece
Variation: Head Tilted Up / Round Evenly Lined Field / Wide Edge Border.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This series was originally manufactured by Armitage, and was intended for Infantry officers. It was manufactured in large quantities, and the stock was bought many years later by W. Wallace. Some specimens can be found with his back stamp over Armitage. We also know that smaller buttons with this pattern were used by the US Army on their forge caps during the Mexican. Some where along the line, the pattern was made into a two piece, and the surplus was issued for use during the Civil War. Most specimens found today have blank shields. The regiment’s number was not usually put on by the manufacturer, the button’s regiment number was stamped on the shield after it was issued. Then again, some research indicates that (along with several other patterns in the GI 51 & GI 53 series) issued buttons never had the regiment number stamped on for the soldiers afterwards. Under close examination of my own personal specimen, and other examples I further illustrate, I found two minor pattern variations in the dies used in both the GI 51 & 53 series. First, is the width size of the edge border. One die variant has a wide edge, and the other has a thin edge. Second, is the angle of the eagle head. One die variant has the eagle’s head a little more tilted up, and away from the top of the right wing. The other variant has the eagle’s head almost touching the wing. Since the button is an easy pattern to cut, I am sure more then one die was fashioned over it’s long history. Other research even shows this button was used by various state militia units. This button’s pattern depicts a standing eagle with upraised wings facing right. In this die variant, the Eagle’s Head is Tilted Up, and away from the top of the wing. Under the eagle’s left wing is a large blank unstamped shield. The high relief pattern is set on a flat Round Evenly Lined Field, that has an angled Wide Edge Border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with loop shank. The shank is missing. Armitage/Phila dm. Wreath

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1820 Infantry 20.5mm Silvered Copper Albert GI53 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1820 Infantry 20.5mm Silvered Copper Albert GI53 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-25 Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: Silver with Green Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 20.5mm.
Albert’s Number: GI 51 or 53 Series, Un pictured Border Frame Size: RV 35
Tice’s Number: Unlisted – Predecessor to GM206 -Two Piece
Variation: Head Tilted Up / Round Evenly Lined Field / Wide Edge Border.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This series was originally manufactured by Armitage, and was intended for Infantry officers. It was manufactured in large quantities, and the stock was bought many years later by W. Wallace. Some specimens can be found with his back stamp over Armitage. We also know that smaller buttons with this pattern were used by the US Army on their forge caps during the Mexican. Some where along the line, the pattern was made into a two piece, and the surplus was issued for use during the Civil War. Most specimens found today have blank shields. The regiment’s number was not usually put on by the manufacturer, the button’s regiment number was stamped on the shield after it was issued. Then again, some research indicates that (along with several other patterns in the GI 51 & GI 53 series) issued buttons never had the regiment number stamped on for the soldiers afterwards. Under close examination of my own personal specimen, and other examples I further illustrate, I found two minor pattern variations in the dies used in both the GI 51 & 53 series. First, is the width size of the edge border. One die variant has a wide edge, and the other has a thin edge. Second, is the angle of the eagle head. One die variant has the eagle’s head a little more tilted up, and away from the top of the right wing. The other variant has the eagle’s head almost touching the wing. Since the button is an easy pattern to replicate, I am sure more then one die was fashioned over it’s long history. Other research even shows this button was used by various state militia units. This button’s pattern depicts a standing eagle with upraised wings facing right. In this die variant, the Eagle’s Head is Tilted Up, and away from the top of the wing. Under the eagle’s left wing is a large blank unstamped shield. The high relief pattern is set on a flat Evenly Lined Field, that is within a round picture frame that has an angled Narrow Edge Border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with loop shank. The shank is missing. Armitage/Phila dm. The shank is original, but crushed inward. **ARMITAGE PHILA* rm inner solid ring.

The Old Court House Civil War Museum Collection.~

 

1808-25 Infantry 14.. Silver Plated Coller GI53R Unlisted Size Variant georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-25 Infantry 14.. Silver Plated Coller GI53R Unlisted Size Variant georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-25 Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: An Orange Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 14.66mm. Cuff Size.
Albert’s Number: GI 51 or 53: Unlisted Size Variant RV 45-60
Tice’s Number: Unlisted: Predecessor to GM206 -Two Piece
Variation: Head Angled Closer / Round Evenly Lined Field / Narrow Edge Border.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: George Armitage of Philadelphia made buttons for the US Government between 1808-1825. This Pattern would be one of the earliest Federal Eagle Style buttons to be used by the U.S. Infantry, or by the State Militia in later years. (Johnson’s 257, and Tice’s GM206 show this exact pattern dedicated for militia use in later years, but it’s construction is the 1830’s two-piece construction). Albert doesn’t list this exact size in his book, but this button can compliment the Infantry Officer’s coat size pattern of GI 51-F, GI 53R2-F, GI-53R6-F, or GI 53R8-F. All of those buttons use the same pattern, would be an exact match for this cuff or hat size variant. Bottom line, without us knowing what number was stamped on the shield when issued, we would never know which infantry regiment it belonged to. This button’s pattern depicts a standing eagle with upraised wings facing right. This die variant shows the Eagle’s Head is Angled a Little Closer the top of the wing. Under the eagle’s left wing is a large blank unstamped shield. The high relief pattern is set on a flat Evenly Lined Field, that is within a round picture frame that has an angled Narrow Edge Border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, but crushed inward. **ARMITAGE PHILA* rm inner solid ring.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

*Roberts Notes: (Johnson’s 257, and Tice’s GM206 show this exact pattern dedicated for militia use in later years, but it’s construction is the 1830’s two-piece construction).

 

 

1826-50's Infantry 15mm Kempi Unlisted Size Variant-RJ-Silverstein-georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1826-50’s US Army Forge Cap Button

Color: A Rusty Brown.
Metal: Flat, 2-Piece, Raised Design, Brass.
Size: 15mm. Cuff or Forge Cap Size.
Albert’s Number: Unlisted Variant RV 10
Tice’s Number: GM-206As.1 (Variant)
Variation: Head Angled Closer / Slanted Shield / Narrow Edge Border.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Johnson’s 257, and Tice’s GM206 show this pattern was originally used on US Army Forge Caps during the Mexican War, and then was dedicated for militia use in later years, but it’s construction is the 1830’s two-piece construction. This die variant shows the eagle’s Head is Angled a Little Closer to the top of the wing. Under the eagle’s left wing is a Slanted Blank Unstamped Shield. The high relief pattern is set on a flat Evenly Lined Field, that is within a round picture frame that has an angled Narrow Edge Border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is .

*Robert’s Notes: Tice notes that a 2-piece was found was found in a camp in Harrison’s Landing, Virginia; which was occupied by Federal Troops from Vermont and New York. :13.8mm blank back mark 2-piece: GM206As.1

 

 

 

1810-1820’s Regt. U.S. Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: A Silvery Brown with Golden Brown Highlights
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 22.49mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-G: RV 50
Tice Back marks: Armitage 01-Page 97 (B-12-2)
Variation: Eagle Facing Left / Six Petal Olive Branch / 3 Short Lightening Bolts / Three Short Arrows.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This die pattern was made by Armitage in the early 19th century, and used by a number of different regiments. The button’s pattern depicts a standing Eagle Facing Left with a Six Petal Olive Branch hanging from it’s beak. In the eagle’s left talon is a group of Short Lightening Bolts. In it’s right talon is a small bundle of Three Short Arrows on top of the shield. A large shield stands on the right hand-side, on top of circular or roiling clouds. In the lower bottom legend there is the military regiment designation, “REGt” in large capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a plain slightly convex field with a plain edge. Good Condition un-dug specimens are scarce and rarely come-up for sale in the market place. Most specimens are dug examples and usually without a regiment number stamped on the shield. This officer’s pattern appears to be the signature of Moritz Furst. He was an engraver and die-sinker from Hungry who worked in Philadelphia in the early 1800’s. He was known to have engraved many of the steel button dies, and also various medals that were awarded by Congress to the soldiers in the War of 1812. He definitely incorporated ancient symbolism.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Armitage/Phila rm in-between 2 raised rings.

Dug-up in a Garden in Keswick, VA.
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1810-20 U.S. Infantry Officers 21.78mm Silvered Copper Dug Orig. Bent Shank Albert's GI 51-G RV 50 B:M Armitage Phila RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1810-20 U.S. Infantry Officers 21.78mm Silvered Copper Dug Orig. Bent Shank Albert's GI 51-G RV 50 B:M Armitage Phila RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1810-1820’s Regt. U.S. Infantry Officer’s Coat Button.

Color: A Silvery Brown with Golden Brown Highlights
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 22mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-G: RV 50
Variation: Eagle Facing Left / Six Petal Olive Branch / Short Lightening Bolts / Three Short Arrows.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This die pattern was made by Armitage in the early 19th century, and used by a number of different regiments. The button’s pattern depicts a standing Eagle Facing Left with a Six Petal Olive Branch hanging from it’s beak. In the eagle’s left talon is a group of Short Lightening Bolts. In it’s right talon is a small bundle of Three Short Arrows on top of the shield. A large shield stands on the right hand-side, on top of circular or roiling clouds. In the lower bottom legend there is the military regiment designation, “REGt” in large capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a plain slightly convex field with no raised edge. This is a scarce pattern and rarely comes on the market for sale. Most specimens known are dug examples without a regiment number stamped on the shield. This officer’s pattern appears to be the signature of Moritz Furst. He was an engraver and die-sinker from Hungry who worked in Philadelphia in the early 1800’s. He was known to have engraved many of the steel button dies, and also various medals that were awarded by Congress to the soldiers in the War of 1812.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Armitage/Phila rm in-between 2 raised rings BEST in inner circle.

The Robert J. Silverstein Collection.~

*Robert’s Notes: This is one of the pattern’s Armitage made blank as shown in Albert’s GI 51-G series. We know from records that the Regiment number was later applied with a separate stamp when issued. Albert lists several examples of different regiments in his GI 53 series. Blank ones that are found in the market might never have been issued (extra stock), and then some issued might never have gotten around to being stamped with the regiment number. So an unstamped one might not automatically mean GI 51-G. Unfortunately, A. Albert tried to analyze these by Regiment numbers instead of the pattern itself; showing multiple regiments using the same buttons at different manufactured dates. I believe this might have been a mistake by Albert, because modern collectors who look to his book for understanding die variants have problems identifying the particular regiment’s issued pattern. So nuts and bolts, Armitage manufactured a certain pattern in large quantity, and then when issued the button they would use a stamp to identify which infantry regiment the officer was from. On an economical note, this would cut the expense of making a new die pattern for each regiment, and would also have the benefit of a surplus for easy replacement. Also years down the road, any old stock not sold by the manufacturer could be re-utilized and back stamped with the appropriate markers.

“Debra, I agree with Robert. Let me give you the history behind my buttons I dug them at Fort Scott Ga. In 1816 the 4th US Inf built Fort Scott in 1817 the 7th US Infantry joined them, then in 1818 Andrew Jackson and his Tennessee Boys went to Fort Scott and from there he invaded Spanish Florida. All of the buttons I dug at Fort Scott none had 4 or 7 Stamped on the shield . Fort Scott was from 1816 to 1821. Take Care” ~Jim B

 

 

 

1810-20 U.S. Infantry Officer 13.62mm Silvered Copper Albert's GI 51-Gv Series Unlisted Size Variant RV 60 Orig. ShankRJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1810-20 U.S. Infantry Officer 13.62mm Silvered Copper Albert's GI 51-Gv Series Unlisted Size Variant RV 60 Orig. ShankRJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1810-1820 United States Infantry Officer’s Cuff Button

Color: Silver On Grey.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Sheffield Silver Plate.
Size: 13.62mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51 Gv Unlisted Size Variant RV 75
Variation: Eagle with Upraised Wings / Short Stem Limp Olive Branch with Four Double Petals / Lightening Bolt.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good/Strong High Relief Pattern Remais.
Robert’s Notes: This GI 51-Gv cuff button could have been issued to a few different infantry regiments making it a GI 53 series button (GI 53R6-G/GI 53R16-Ga/ GI 53 R22-G/GI 53R32-G), but we won’t ever know for sure. What makes this die variant unique is the Wide Spread Arrow Tips that reach the button’s edge. The coat size variant depicts the arrows close together, angled upward, and far from the button’s edge. The button’s pattern depicts an Eagle with Upraised Wings standing on top of the rolling clouds while looking toward the left. Hanging from the eagle’s beak is a Short Stem Limp Olive Branch with Four Double Petals. In the eagle’s left talon is a few Lightening Bolts, and in it’s right talon is a small bundle of Three Wide Spread Arrows sticking out from behind the top of the shield. There is a large unstamped shield on the right hand side, with a raised outline. The empty shield space is where they would have stamped a regiment number when issued. In the bottom legend is an offset abbreviation for regiment, “REGt“. Since there is no border space for the pattern, the die was most likely cut for a slightly larger 16-18mm planchet. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with no raised border. This is a highly sought button for War of 1812 collectors.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. ARMITAGE rm.

The Robert J. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1810-12 Infantry officer 22mm GI 53 Unlist. Variant convex RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O11810-12 Infantry officer 22mm GI 53 Unlist. Variant convex RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1810-1820 Regt. U.S. Infantry Officer’s Cuff Button

Color: True Silver.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 13.47mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51 Gv /53 Series Unlisted Size Variant RV 75
Variation: Eagle with Upraised Wings / Short Stem Limp Olive Branch with Four Double Petals / Lightening Bolt.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This GI 51-Gv cuff button could have been issued to a few different infantry regiments making it a GI 53 series button (GI 53R6-G/GI 53R16-Ga/ GI 53 R22-G/GI 53R32-G), but we won’t ever know for sure. What makes this die variant unique is the Wide Spread Arrow Tips that reach the button’s edge. The coat size variant depicts the arrows close together, angled upward, and far from the button’s edge. The button’s pattern depicts an Eagle with Upraised Wings standing on top of the rolling clouds while looking toward the left. Hanging from the eagle’s beak is a Short Stem Limp Olive Branch with Four Double Petals. In the eagle’s left talon is a few Lightening Bolts, and in it’s right talon is a small bundle of Three Wide Spread Arrows sticking out from behind the top of the shield. There is a large unstamped shield on the right hand side, with a raised outline. The empty shield space is where they would have stamped a regiment number when issued. In the bottom legend is an offset abbreviation for regiment, “REGt“. Since there is no border space for the pattern, the die was most likely cut for a slightly larger 16-18mm planchet. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with no raised border. This is a highly sought button for War of 1812 collectors.

Dug by J. Baldwin at Fort Scott Georgia.
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

“Debra, when Albert’s first did his book a lot of buttons and size were yet to be discovered. Also In Albert’s day manual calipers were the norm and he would round the size off. With today’s digital calipers, the size may be off from what he says in his book example; the true size for this button per a digital caliper is 13.95mm Albert would round it out to 14mm. I have in my collection one that is considered a coat size per Albert’s 51-G at 22mm, but yet mine by a digital caliper is 21.46mm with a Armitage back mark. Albert’s would round that out that to 22mm. That’s why once in a while one will say unlisted it can be because of size or a variant or a completely different rarely seen type button. Take Care” ~Jim B

 

 

 

1811-24 Infantry 21.2mm Solid Silver j. Delarue- New Orleans convex. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1811-24 Infantry 21.2mm Solid Silver j. Delarue- New Orleans convex. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1811-1824 U.S. Infantry Officer Regiment Jeweler Cut Button

Color: Silver With A Golden Outline.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver.
Size: 21.2mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: Unlisted: Isabela’s RV 200
Variation: Eagle Facing Right / Olive Branch with Six Olives / Small Bundle of Three Arrows.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: John Delarue was a Jeweler in New Orleans who made high end buttons for officers between 1811-24. His buttons are extremely well crafted, and usually retain 95% of their original patterns. His buttons are extremely well crafted, and usually retain 95% of their original patterns. We know he has done other military patterns from specimens found. There may have been other die variants produced of this pattern, but as of date, this specimen is the only one to surface with this pattern for REGT. The button’s pattern depicts an eagle with upraised wings standing on roiling clouds while Facing Right. The eagle’s left talon is resting on top of a shield, while clutching an Olive Branch with Six Olives. In the eagle’s right talon is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows. Under the Eagle’s left wing is a large un-numbered spade shaped shield. Below the roiling clouds in the bottom legend is the initials for regiment, “REGt”. This button has a superb design, and is a real jewel in any collection of War of 1812 buttons.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is slightly concave one-piece button with a Silver loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. NEW. ORLEANS J DELARUE rm script lettering in-between 2 solid rings.

Picture Courtesy of Harry Ridgeway.~

“Yes Robert I agree, there are a number of different die variants, and I doubt Albert listed more then a fraction of them. There were a lot of regiments ordering uniforms at different times. You would have to have a lot of submissions by collectors to do more of a complete list.” – Harry Ridgeway

 

 

1812 US Infantry GI-51 I Silvered Brass rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o1812 US Infantry GI-51 I Silvered Brass rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-1812 United States Infantry Officer

Color: The Silver Ghost.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Sheffield Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 24.31mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-I : RV 50
Variation: Forked Lightening Bolt / Olive Branch / Military Trophy Collection.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern remains.
Robert’s Notes: In this series, there are two known manufacturers die variants for this pattern. This silver plated copper button was most likely manufactured for Infantry Officers. The button’s pattern depicts a flying eagle facing left, while clutching a Forked Lightening Bolt in it’s right claw, and a Small Petal Olive Branch in it’s left. Below the eagle is a Military Trophy Collection of objects. In the center of the collection is a pointed shield with the initials, “R t” for regiment in the bottom tip of the spade. On the right hand-side is a downward sword, an upward spear, and three rifle bayonets that are pointing diagonally upward from behind the shield. On the ground below is a small forge cap with a feather. On the left hand side of the shield, is a draped American flag with a top tassel. The flag is partially laying over a sideways drum. This high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with a plain edge. An extremely hard button to obtain, Collectors favorite and one should seek any specimen when comes available.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. dm WARRANTED SUPERFINE each within it’s own dm Ribbon.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1808-12 US Infantry Officers 24mm. Silvered Copper RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1 21808-12 US Infantry Officers 24mm. Silvered Copper RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r1 2

1808-1812 United States Infantry Officer

Color: Golden Brown.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 24mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-I : RV 50
Variation: Forked Lightening Bolt / Large Petal Olive Branch / Military Trophy Collection.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This is the second known die variant for this pattern. Manufactured by Wishart in the early 1800’s, their pattern has subtle little differences in the petals in the olive branch, the draped flag size and stars within, the sideways drum size, and also more noticeably there is a thin border edge. The button’s pattern depicts a flying eagle facing left, while clutching a Forked Lightening Bolt in it’s right claw, and a Large Petal Olive Branch in it’s left. Below the eagle is a Military Trophy Collection of objects. In the center of the collection is a pointed shield with the initials, “R t” for regiment in the bottom tip of the spade. On the right hand-side is a downward sword, an upward spear, and three rifle bayonets that are pointing diagonally upward from behind the shield. On the ground below is a large forge cap with a feather. On the left hand side of the shield, is a large draped American flag with a top tassel. The flag is partially laying over a big sideways drum. This high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with a thin raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. rm WISHART NEW YORK

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

 

1810-12 24.84mm Copper Albert's GI 51-J RV 60 RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1810-12 24.84mm Copper Albert's GI 51-J RV 60 RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1810-12 United States Infantry Officer

Color: A Coppery Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silvered Copper.
Size: 24.84mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-J: RV 60
Variation: Pro Patria Ribbon in it’s Beak / Pro Patria / Military Trophy Collection.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There are three known die variants for this pattern. One with a Rosette stamped before the initials, “INFY.”; One without a Rosette before the initials; and a third pattern with an infantry number, “6” before “INFY”. Most War of 1812 button collectors nicknamed it, “The Pro Patria Pattern“. This is Latin for, “One’s Country“. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Eagle facing left, with a Banner Ribbon Grasped in it’s Beak. The ribbon’s inscription says, “Pro Patria” in all Roman font capital letters. Below this is a Military Trophy Collection. This includes a set of crossed muskets with bayonets pointing upwards, two crossed draped flags: one with an angled federal shield within and two top tassels, and the other is an American Flag with eight stars; The flag’s pole has a single tassel hanging just below the pole cap. On the right-hand side there is a standing drum that is partially covered by the draped flag. In the bottom legend is the abbreviation for infantry, “INFY.” The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no decorative edge border. This is a real collector’s favorite for 1812 War collectors. Specimens are rarely offered. Non Dug examples are the rarity.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. AM PEASLEY/BOSTON rm backmark is within two sets of rm double concentric rings. 

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1810-12 US Infantry officer 26mm plated. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1810-12 US Infantry officer 26mm plated. georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1810-12 United States Infantry Officer

Color: Tarnished Silver.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 26mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-J: RV 60
Variation: Pro Patria Ribbon in it’s Beak / Pro Patria / Military Trophy Collection.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There are three known die variants for this pattern. One with a Rosette stamped before the initials, “INFY.”; One without a Rosette before the initials; and a third pattern with an infantry number, “6” before “INFY”. Most War of 1812 button collectors nicknamed it, “The Pro Patria Pattern“. This is Latin for, “One’s Country“. The button’s pattern depicts a flying eagle facing left, with a banner Ribbon Grasped in it’s Beak. The ribbon’s inscription says, “Pro Patria” in all Roman font capital letters. Below this is a Military Trophy Collection. This includes a set of crossed muskets with bayonets pointing upwards, two crossed draped flags: one with an angled federal shield within and two top tassels, and the other is an American Flag with eight stars; The flag’s pole has a single tassel hanging just below the pole cap. On the right-hand side there is a standing drum that is partially covered by the draped flag. In the bottom legend is the abbreviation for infantry, “INFY.” The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border. This is a real collector’s favorite for 1812 War collectors. Specimens are rarely offered. Non Dug are the rarity.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Unclear B/M.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

1810-12 Federal Infantry Officer 26mm Silvered Copper GI 51-J RJ Silverstein's Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1810-12 Federal Infantry Officer 26mm Silvered Copper GI 51-J RJ Silverstein's Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1810-12 United States Infantry Officer

Color: A Silver With Rust Patches.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 26mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 51-J: RV 60
Variation: Ribbon Grasped in it’s Beak / Pro Patria / Military Trophy Collection /
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There are three known die variants for this pattern. One with a Rosette stamped before the initials, “INFY.“; One without a Rosette before the initials; and a third pattern with an infantry number, “6” before “INFY”. Most War of 1812 button collectors nicknamed it, “The Pro Patria Pattern“. This is Latin for, “One’s Country“. The button’s pattern depicts a flying eagle facing left, with a Banner Ribbon Grasped in it’s Beak. The ribbon’s inscription says, “Pro Patria” in all Roman font capital letters. Below this is a Military Trophy Collection. This includes a set of crossed muskets with bayonets pointing upwards, two crossed draped flags: one with an angled federal shield within and two top tassels, and the other is an American Flag with eight stars; The flag’s pole has a single tassel hanging just below the pole cap. On the right-hand side there is a standing drum that is partially covered by the draped flag. In the bottom legend is the abbreviation for infantry, “INFY.” The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no edge border. This is a real collector’s favorite for 1812 War collectors. Specimens are rarely offered. Non Dug are the rarity.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. A M Peasley within a double set of 2 concentric ring rm / stamped over TREBLE GILT ORANGE

The David Gerber Collection.~

 

1808 Infantry Officer Alberts GI 53R6 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808 Infantry Officer Alberts GI 53R6 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-1812 6th Regt. U.S. Infantry Officer’s Coat Button

Color: A Silvery Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Sheffield Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 27mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R6.J: RV 60
Variation: Pro Patria Ribbon in it’s Beak / Pro Patria / Military Trophy Collection.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This would be the third die variant known which depicts the number “6” in front of the Infantry initials, “INFY.”. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Eagle facing left, with a Banner Ribbon in it’s Beak which is inscribed, “Pro Patria” in all capital Roman font letters. Directly underneath is a Military Trophy Collection. This includes a set of crossed muskets with bayonets pointing upwards, two crossed draped flags: one with a Federal Shield with tassels, and the other American Flag with a ribbon & tassel draped over the top. On the right, there is a standing drum partially covered by the draped flag. In the bottom legend there is an infantry number, “6” before the infantry initials, “INFY”. The high relief pattern is set on a flat plain field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. Mold line is present.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

1808 Infantry Officer 20mm Silver Alberts GI 53R6-RJ Silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808 Infantry Officer 20mm Silver Alberts GI 53R6-RJ Silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-1812 6th Regt. U.S. Infantry Officer’s Cuff Button

Color: A Flat Silver.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Sheffield Silver Plated.
Size: 20mm. Coat / Cuff Size?
Albert’s Number: GI 53R6.J: Unlisted Size Variant RV 75
Variation: Pro Patria Banner Ribbon in it’s Beak / No Dot After INFY / Military Trophy Collection.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This would be the smaller matching cuff, or just another makers variant in a smaller 20mm instead of 27mm. This is the third die variant known in this pattern which depicts the number “6” in front of the Infantry initials, “INFY.” The button’s pattern depicts a flying eagle facing left, with a Banner Ribbon in it’s Beak which is inscribed, “Pro Patria” in all Roman font capital letters. Directly underneath is a Military Trophy Collection. This includes a set of crossed muskets with bayonets pointing upwards, two crossed draped flags: one with an evenly lined Federal Shield with tassels, and the other American Flag with a ribbon & tassel draped over the top. On the right, there is a standing drum partially covered by the draped flag. In the bottom legend there is an infantry number, “6″ before the infantry initials, “INFY.” There appears to be No Dot after the “INFY” abbreviation. The high relief pattern is set on a flat plain field with no edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. The mold line is present.

The Jim Baldwin Collection.~

*

1812-15 Federal Infantry 9th Regt. 23mm orig shank

1812-15 Federal Infantry 9th Regt. 23mm orig shank r

 

1812-15 11th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Cloudy Grey Undertones.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated.
Size: 22mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R11-E: RV 50
Variation: Oval with Cross Open-Ends / Regiment of Infantry / 11th Regiment.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This button could have been manufactured as early as 1808-11, but I could not get enough information. I do know it was used during the war of 1812-15. There are two known sizes for this pattern. One is a coat a Silvered Giles Richards, the other is a local pewter 20mm. The button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle facing left, while standing on an Oval with Cross Open-Ends. The Regiment’s Number,“9” is within the oval’s center. Circling around the outside edge is the military designation, “REGIMENT OF INFANTRY”. in all Roman font capital letters. There is a raised Dot Marker in the bottom legend after the word Infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field. Albert rated this particular die variant an RV 50, I would afford this a little more rarer then that. Never see these come to market.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. “Giles/Richards” eagle rm with lines.

 

 

1808-15 Federal Infantry 20mm Cast Pewter GI 53 R11DP rich eldon dug rj silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1812-15 11th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Brown with Grey Undertones.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated.
Size: 22mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R11-D: RV 35
Variation: Oval with Cross Open-Ends / Regiment of Infantry / 11th Regiment.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Fair/Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This button could have been manufactured as early as 1808-11, but I could not get enough information. I do know it was used during the war of 1812-15. There are two known sizes for this pattern. One is a coat a Silvered Giles Richards, the other is a local pewter 20mm. The button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle facing left, while standing on an Oval with Cross Open-Ends. The Regiment’s Number,”11″ is within the oval’s center. Circling around the outside edge is the military designation, “REGIMENT OF INFANTRY .” in all Roman font capital letters. There is a raised Dot Marker in the bottom legend after the word Infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field. Rarely come to market. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight & intact. “Giles/Richards” eagle rm with lines.

Rich Eldon’s Dug Collection. (RIP).~ 

 

1812-15 21 regt Infantry 20mm Albert's 53R21 RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1812-15 21 regt Infantry 20mm Albert's 53R21 RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-15 11th Regt. U.S. Infantry.

Color: Brown with Yellow Undertones.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R21: RV 35
Variation: Oval with Cross Open-Ends / Regiment of Infantry / 21th Regiment.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This button could have been manufactured as early as 1808-11, but I could not get enough information. I do know it was used during the war of 1812-15. There are two known sizes for this pattern. One is a coat a Silvered Giles Richards, the other is a local pewter 20mm. The button’s pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle facing left, while standing on an Oval with Cross Open-Ends. The Regiment’s Number,”21″ is within the oval’s center. Circling around the outside edge is the military designation, “REGIMENT OF INFANTRY .” in all Roman font capital letters. There is a raised Stipple Marker in the bottom legend after the word Infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field. I Never see these come to market.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is broken off.

The John Haney Collection.

 

1808-12 US Infantry Silvered Copper 23.5mm RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-12 US Infantry Silvered Copper 23.5mm RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-12 1st Regt. United States Infantry (Officer’s Button).

Color: Silvery Gray.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 26mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 53R1-A Unlisted Pattern Variation: RV 50
Variation: Spread Wing Eagle / Upward Angled Olive Branch / U.S.I
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There is a whole series of these buttons manufactured with slightly different patterns. (Later die variants of this pattern included Roman numerals for their intended regiment designations). These earlier specimens without a regiment number could have been automatically intended for the 1st Regiment. The button above is very similar to GI 53R1.A in Albert’s book, but a slightly different variation in the pattern is depicted. This manufacturer’s example shows less spacing with various items being depicted. The button’s pattern depicts a Spread Wing Eagle with an Evenly Lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with seven petals, and a berry. In the eagle’s right talon is a single arrow pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is an arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed within. Slightly above that, in the top legend is the abbreviation for United States Infantry, “U.S.I” in large Roman Font letters. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt.” The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. *TREBLE.PLATED* raise Eagle above.

 

 

1808-12 Infantry Officers 24mm silver plated Alberts GI 53R1 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-12 Infantry Officers 24mm silver plated Alberts GI 53R1 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-12 1st Regt. United States Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Silvery Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 25.60mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 53R1-A Unlisted Pattern Variation: RV 50
Variation: Spread Wing Eagle /Large Tip Arrow / Upward Angled Olive Branch / U.S.I
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is another unlisted die variant with the same pattern. This die was cut to give the pattern more room on the planchet. The pattern shows a larger arrow tip, a space between the inscription banner and wings, a space between the olive branch and edge, and there is no, “T” after regiment. The button’s pattern depicts a Spread Wing Eagle with an Evenly Lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with Five Petals, and an Olive. In the eagle’s right talon is a Large Tip Arrow pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is an arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM”. Just above that, is the abbreviation for United States Infantry, “U.S.I” in large Roman font letters. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REG“. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised border edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. Mold line present.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

1808-12 Infantry Officers 24mm silver plated Alberts GI 53R1 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com OJ. Baldwins copy1808-12 Infantry Officers 24mm silver plated Alberts GI 53R1 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com OJ. Baldwins R

1808-12 1st Regt. U.S. Infantry (Officer’s Button).

Color: Bright Silver.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 25.89mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: Similar to GI 53R1-A Unlisted Pattern Variation: RV 50
Variation: Spread Wing Eagle /Large Tip Arrow / Upward Angled Olive Branch / U.S.I
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This is yet another unlisted die variant with the same pattern. Extremely similar to the specimen pictured above, but with a Smaller Arrow Point, no space between the banner and wings, and there is a “T” in REGt. The button’s pattern depicts a Spread Wing Eagle, with an evenly lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with Five Petals, and a Olive. In the eagle’s right talon is a single arrow pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is an arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed within. Slightly above that, in the top legend is the abbreviation for United States Infantry, “U.S.I” in large Roman font letters. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt.” The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised border edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. No back mark. Mold line present.

The J. Baldwin Collection.~

 

1808-12 U.S. ARMY Infantry Officer 23mm Sheffield Silver Plated Copper Albert's GI 53R2 rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1808-12 U.S. ARMY Infantry Officer 23mm Sheffield Silver Plated Copper Albert's GI 53R2 rj silverstein georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-12 2nd Regt. United States Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Two-Tone Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 23mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R2-A: RV 50
Variation: Federal Spread Wing Eagle /Large Tip Arrow / Upward Angled Olive Branch / U.S.II.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button was also made in Sheffield silver, and was intended for Infantry Officers. There is only one die variant known in this pattern for officer’s of the 2nd regiment. The button’s pattern depicts a Federal Spread Wing Eagle facing left, with an Evenly Lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with Five Petals, and an Olive. In the eagle’s right talon is a Large Tip Arrow pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is a small raised arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed within. Just above that, is the abbreviation for United States 2nd Regiment, “U.S.II.” in large raised uppercase Roman font letters. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt” in capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a flat field with a plain un-decorative edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. TREBLE PLATED/ EAGLE design above.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~   

 

1603011722151582979211815-20 Federal Infantry Officer 23mm GI 53R3-A georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1808-12 3rd Regt. United States Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Silver.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 23mm. Coat Size.
Albert’s Number: GI 53R3-A: RV 50
Variation: Federal Spread Wing Eagle /Large Tip Arrow / Upward Angled Olive Branch / U.S.III.
Present Condition: A Non Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button was made in Sheffield silver, and was intended for Infantry Officers. There is only one die variant known in this pattern for officer’s of the 3rd regiment. The button’s pattern depicts a Federal Spread Wing Eagle facing left, with a Stripe Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with Six Petals, and an Olive. In the eagle’s right talon is a Large Tip Arrow pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is a small raised arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed within. Just above that, is the abbreviation for United States 3rd Regiment, “U.S.III.” in large raised uppercase Roman font letters. Below the eagle is the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt” in capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. TREBLE PLATED Stipple EAGLE flanked by flower design -above.

The Joe Cuevas Collection.~

 

 

1812 5th Regiment dug Council Bluff Iowa 1812 5th Regiment dug Council Bluff Iowa r

1815-20 5th Regt. United States Infantry Officer’s Button.

Color: Silvery Green.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 23mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R5-A: RV 45
Variation: Federal Spread Wing Eagle /Large Tip Arrow / Upward Angled Olive Branch .
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Nicknamed the Bobcats! The 5th Infantry Regiment was created by an Act of Congress of 3 March 1815, which reduced the Regular Army from the 46 infantry and 4 rifle regiments it fielded in the War of 1812 to a peacetime establishment of 8 infantry regiments. This got further reduced to 7 in 1821. The Army’s current regimental numbering system dates from this act. Six of the old regiments (4th, 9th, 13th, 21st, 40th and 46th) were consolidated into the new 5th Regiment, which was organized on May 15th 1815, under the command of Colonel James Miller. This button was also made in Sheffield silver, and was intended for 5th Regt. Infantry Officers. Armitage most likely used the old stock from the 2nd Regiment’s unsold buttons. The button’s pattern depicts a Federal Spread Wing Eagle facing left, with an Evenly Lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is an Upward Angled Olive Branch with Five Petals, and an Olive. In the eagle’s right talon is an Arrow pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is a small raised arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed within. Just above that, is the abbreviation for United States Infantry, “U.S.I.” in large raised uppercase Roman font letters. Below the eagle is the infantry designation number, “5” along with the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt” in capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a flat field with a plain un-decorative edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is unfortunately missing. Mold Line Present.

 

 

1812-15 Infantry 14th Regt. 23mm Sheffield Silvered Orig Shank GI 53R14-B RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1812-15 Infantry 14th Regt. 23mm Sheffield Silvered Orig Shank GI 53R14-B RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1815-20 14th Regt. United States Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: Silvery Blue.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 23mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R14-B: RV 45
Variation: Federal Spread Wing Eagle /Large Tip Arrow / Upward Angled Olive Branch .
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a Federal Spread Wing Eagle facing left, with an Evenly Lined Federal Shield on it’s breast. In the eagle’s left talon is a Large Olive Branch. In the eagle’s right talon is a Large Arrow Head pointing to the right. Above the eagle’s head, is a small raised arced banner with, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” inscribed within. Just above that, is the abbreviation for United States Infantry, “U.S.I.” in large raised uppercase Roman font letters. Below the eagle is the infantry designation number, “14” along with the abbreviation for regiment, “REGt” in capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a flat field with a plain un-decorative edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. Mold Line Present.

 

1810-20's 16th Regiment Infantry 21.09mm Sheffield Silver Plate Officer's Button Albert's GI 53 R16.Gb RV 50 No Shank (Armitage01) Dug by Neil in Clifton Heights, PA at a Civil War Sergeons House georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1810-20's 16th Regiment Infantry 21.09mm Sheffield Silver Plate Officer's Button Albert's GI 53 R16.Gb RV 50 No Shank (Armitage01) Dug by Neil in Clifton Heights, PA at a Civil War Sergeons House georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1810-20’s 16th Regiment Infantry Officer

Color: Tri Color Of Greens & Browns.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 21.09mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53 R16G.b RV 50
Variation: Six Petal Olive Branch / Lightening Bolts / Small Bundle of Three Arrows / 4mm. Arabic Number 16.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Fair Planchet Condition, A Fair High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Armitage manufactured this pattern for several infantry regiments. Collector’s should note there were two size numbers stamped on the shield for the 16th regiment. One with 3mm and one with 4mm. There was a third pattern made by Armitage for the 16th Regt., but used a completely different pattern. The button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Standing on top of the Heavenly Clouds while looking toward the left. Hanging from the eagle’s beak is a Six Petal Olive Branch. In the eagle’s left talon is a set of Lightening Bolts, and in it’s right talon is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows sticking out from behind the top of the shield. On the right hand side, there is a large shield with a 4mm. Arabic Number 16 stamped in the center to denote the regt. number. In the bottom legend is the abbreviation, “REGt” for regiment. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with no raised edge border. This is an extremely rare officer’s button and collectors should seek any specimen made available.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is unfortunately broken off. rm ARMITAGE PHILa. within a 2 ring rm.

Dug by Neil in Clifton Heights, Pennsylvania.
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

1812-15 Federal Infantry Button 22nd Regiment 22mm RV 50 RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1810-20 22nd Regt. U.S. Infantry (Officer’s Button).

Color: Polished Silver.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Sheffield Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 22mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 53R-22: RV 50
Variation: Eagle Standing on Roiling Clouds / Limp Olive Branch / Three Lightening Bolts / Regiment’s Number 22.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: Armitage manufactured this pattern in large quantities for infantry officers in various regiments. This button was most likely stamped after it was issued to the 22nd Regiment. The button’s pattern depicts an Eagle Standing on Roiling Clouds while looking to the left. There is a Long Limp Olive Branch held in it’s beak. In the eagle’s left claw is a set of Three Lightening Bolt, and in it’s right talon is small bundle of short arrows sticking out from behind the top of the shield. Stamped on the shield is the Regiment’s number,”22″ in large Arabic numbers. In the bottom legend is the offset abbreviation, “REGt” to designate regiment. The high relief pattern is set on a plain convex field with no raised edge border. Collectors should take advantage of any specimen that becomes available for purchase.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is broken off. ARMITAGE /PHIL rm.

 

 

1820's Federal Infantry Button 13.8mm similar to alberts UU132-A $78. RJ Silverstein's Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1820's Federal Infantry Button 13.8mm similar to alberts UU132-A $78. RJ Silverstein's Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-20 Army Infantry Officer’s Cockade Button

Color: A Golden Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 13.80mm. Hat Size
Albert’s Number: Unlisted Die Variant Similar to UU132 RV 25
Tice:
Variation: Droop Wing Eagle / Three Spread Arrows / Three Petal & One Berry Olive Branch /Slanted Lined Federal Shield.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This small button was actually worn on the side of a military issued US Infantry Officer’s hat. I am told This was sewn on the side of their black silk cockade. We know of at least four manufacturers that made this style button. So there appears to be few different die variants. They mainly differentiate in the eagle depicted, the motto-some have the “E“, and some omit the “E” in E Pluribus Unum; how many arrows depicted, and style and direction of the olive branch. This buttons pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle in the Center facing right. In it’s left talon is Three Spread Arrows pointing leftward. In it’s right talon is a Three Petal and One Berry Olive Branch pointing downward. On the eagle’s chest is a slightly Slanted Lined Federal Shield. Inscribed in a half arc just above the eagle’s head is, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” in Roman font capital letters. Circling around the legend is, “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” in raised Roman font capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a flat field with a plain edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. Twenty Four Eagle Feathers Circling a raised dotted circle.

 

1812-20's US Infantry Military Hat Cockade 14.52mm Gilt Brass Similar to Albert's UU 132-B Unl. Die Variant PD $25. 06-13-13 O1812-20's US Infantry Military Hat Cockade 14.52mm Gilt Brass Similar to Albert's UU 132-B Unl. Die Variant PD $25. 06-13-13 R

1812-20 Army Infantry Officer’s Cockade Button

Color: A Golden Metal Color Mix.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 14.52mm. Hat Size
Albert’s Number: Unlisted Die Variant Similar to UU132 RV 25
Variation: Droop Wing Eagle / Three Spread Arrows / Three Petal & One Berry Olive Branch /Slanted Lined Federal Shield.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Here is another die variant made by Scovills. This button would be the earliest example known for this pattern. We know of at least four manufacturers that made this style button. So there appears to be few different die variants. They mainly differentiate in the eagle depicted, the motto-some have the “E”, and some omit the “E” in E Pluribus Unum; how many arrows depicted, and style and direction of the Olive Branch. This small button was actually worn on the side of a military issued US Infantry Officer’s hat. I am told This was sewn on the side of their black silk cockade. This buttons pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle in the Center facing right. In it’s left talon is Three Spread Arrows pointing leftward. In it’s right talon is a Three Petal and One Berry Olive Branch pointing downward. On the eagle’s chest is a slightly Slanted Lined Federal Shield. Inscribed in a half arc just above the eagle’s head is, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” in Roman font capital letters. Circling around the legend is, “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” in raised Roman font capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a flat field with a plain edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. * SCOVILLS * / EXTRA rm with 2 ring rm around the shank.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

2-20's US Infantry Military Hat Cockade 16mm Gilt Brass Similar to Albert's UU 132-B georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O2-20's US Infantry Military Hat Cockade 16mm Gilt Brass Similar to Albert's UU 132-B georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1812-20 Army Infantry Officer’s Cockade Button

Color: A Brass Yellow with Olive Undertones.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Size: 16.06mm. Hat Size
Albert’s Number: Unlisted Die Variant Similar to UU132 RV 25
Variation: Droop Wing Eagle / Two Spread Arrows / Two Petal & Three Berry Olive Branch /Slanted Lined Federal Shield.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, An Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is another die variant that has a Warranted Superior back mark. This also appears to be the largest size of this type. We know at least four manufacturers made this style button. So there appears to be few different die variants. They mainly differentiate in the eagle depicted, the motto-some have the “E”, and some omit the “E” in E Pluribus Unum; how many arrows depicted, and style and direction of the Olive Branch. This button was actually worn on the side of a military issued US Infantry Officer’s hat. I am told This was sewn on the side of their black silk cockade. This buttons pattern depicts a Droop Wing Eagle in the Center facing right. In it’s left talon is Two Spread Arrows pointing leftward. In it’s right talon is a Three Petal and One Berry Olive Branch pointing downward. On the eagle’s chest is a slightly Slanted Lined Federal Shield. Inscribed in a half arc just above the eagle’s head is, “E PLURIBUS UNUM” in Roman font capital letters. Circling around the legend is, “UNITED STATES OF AMERICA” in raised Roman font capital letters. The high relief pattern is set on a flat field with a plain edge.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered on loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. WARRANTED SUPERIOR.

The Robert J. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1820-30's U.S. Army Great Coat Buttons for General Service Infantry 21mm Brass Albert's GI 70-A Orig Shank $51. 4-12-13 O1820-30's U.S. Army Great Coat Buttons for General Service Infantry 21mm Brass Albert's GI 70-A Orig Shank RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1820’s Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: Army Green with Coppery Brass Undertones.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Brass.
Size: 20.88mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 70-A RV 25
Tice: GEN 199 A.1
Variation: Outward Over the Letter S / Wide Space Initials / Eight Pointed Star / Arrow Heads Pointing Left.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: The Scovill Company submitted samples of the new design in early April of 1820, and by September 5, they were ordered to make 75 gro. of the large, and 50 gro of the small Great Coat buttons. There is some debate among collectors if the original specimens had blank back marks, or used the L.H. & Scovill back mark. There are two known die variants for the original one-piece coat button, and one for the cuff. One pattern has an eight pointed star between the wide spaced initials; and the other uses a period between the close spaced initials. The matching cuff size variant uses the period between the initials. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Spread-Wing Eagle. The eagle’s head shows a side profile that is turned downward, and facing toward the left. In the eagle’s left talon is a small bundle of three arrows, that are pointing Outward Over the Letter “S” toward the left. In the eagle’s right talon is a Small Olive Branch with Five Petals petals & a Berry over the “U”. In the center of the button are two large Roman style font Wide Space Initials, “U * S” for United States. In-between the initials is an Eight Pointed Star. Underneath the country’s initials is a Narrow Wreath Circling Around, with Berries Flanking each side of the break. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border. Both dug and un-dug specimens are obtainable. Getting one with a clearly defined eight point star is the hard part for collectors.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original and intact, but slightly bent.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1820 Army General Service GI 70-B Dug in Florida georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1820 Army General Service GI 70-B Dug in Florida georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1820’s Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: A Milk Chocolate Desert Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Brass.
Size: 20.76mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 70-A RV 25
Tice: GEN 199 A.1
Variation: Outward Over the Letter S / Wide Space Initials / Eight Pointed Star / Arrow Heads Pointing Left.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This button is the same as above but a dug specimen. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Spread-Wing Eagle. The eagle’s head shows a side profile that is turned downward, and facing toward the left. In the eagle’s left talon is a small bundle of three arrows, that are pointing Outward Over the Letter “S” toward the left. In the eagle’s right talon is a Small Olive Branch with Five Petals petals & a Berry over the “U”. In the center of the button are two large Roman style font Wide Space Initials, “U * S” for United States. In-between the initials is an Eight Pointed Star. Underneath the country’s initials is a Narrow Wreath Circling Around, with Berries Flanking each side of the break. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border. Both dug and un-dug specimens are obtainable. Getting one with a clearly defined eight point star is the hard part for collectors.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank. The boss is still present, but the loop is unfortunately missing. Blank, no back mark.

Excavated in Florida.~
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1820-30's IS Infantry 20mm Brass Rolla Missouri Dug Albert's GI 70-B RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1820-30's IS Infantry 20mm Brass Rolla Missouri Dug Albert's GI 70-B RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1820’s Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: A Pewter Brown with Green Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Brass.
Size: 19.96mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 70-B: RV 25
Tice: GEN 199 B.1
Variation: Olive Branch with Six Petals / Close Space Initials / Period In-between Initials / Arrow Heads Pointing Toward the Right.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is the second known die variant made by Scovills for this pattern. The die cut shows a slightly Smaller Pattern for the Eagles Head and Bill. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Spread-Wing Eagle in the top portion of the button. The eagle’s head shows a side profile that is turned downward, and facing toward the left. In the eagle’s left talon is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows, that is pointing toward the left over the “S”. In the eagle’s right talon is a Small Olive Branch with Five Petals over the “U”. In the center of the button are two large Roman style font initials for the United States, “US” that are Close Spaced. This die variant shows a Period In-between the Close Spaced Initials. Underneath the country’s initials is a Narrow Oblong Wreath Circling Around, with Berries Flanking each side of the break. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered loop shank. The shank is original and intact. *.*.*UNITED STATES.*.*.* in a channel of 2 rings of rm dots.

Excavated by a Train Depot in Rolla, Missouri.~
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1820's Federal Service 20mm Brass GI701820's Federal Service 20mm Brass GI70 r

1820’s Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: Army Green.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Brass.
Size: 21.02mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 70-B: RV 25
Tice: GEN 199 B.1
Variation: Olive Branch w/ Five Petals / Close Space Initials W/Period In-between / Arrow Heads Pointing Toward the Left.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is the second known die variant made by Scovills for this pattern. The die cut shows a slightly Smaller Pattern for the Eagles Head and Bill. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Spread-Wing Eagle in the top portion of the button. The eagle’s head shows a side profile that is turned downward, and facing toward the left. In the eagle’s left talon is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows, that is pointing toward the left over the “S”. In the eagle’s right talon is a Small Olive Branch with Five Petals over the  “U“. In the center of the button are two large Roman style font initials for the United States, “US” that are Close Spaced. This die variant shows a Period In-between the Close Spaced Initials. Underneath the country’s initials is a Narrow Oblong Wreath Circling Around, with Berries Flanking each side of the break. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a soldered loop shank. The shank is original and intact. *.*.*UNITED STATES.*.*.* in a channel of 2 rings of rm dots.

The Picture is courteous of Harry Ridgeway.~

 

 

1820-30's U.S. Army Great Coat Buttons for General Service Infantry 20mm Brass Arrow Points between letters Alberts GI 71-A-Tices GEN 200 PD $77.00 11-16-12 R1820-30's U.S. Army Great Coat Buttons for General Service Infantry 21mm Brass Albert's GI 71Bv Arrows Pointed Outward Non Dug RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1826-39 Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: A Brassy Brown With Rusty Red.
Metal: Flat, 2-Piece, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.
Size: 20.02mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 71-A RV 10
Tice’s Number: GEN 200A.1 PG 140
Variation: Arrows Pointing Down In-between Initials / Wide Spaced Initials W/ Dot / Small Arrow Heads Pointing Downward.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This two-piece flat button is extremely similar to the earlier GI 70 design, except the arrows in the eagles talon are pointing in-between the country’s initials toward the button’s center. There is only one known die variant for this coat button, and two known die variants for the cuff size. Under close examination, this two-piece specimen appears to have a thin shell front over a flat one-piece button. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Spread-Wing Eagle. The eagle’s head shows a side profile that is turned downward, and facing toward the left. In the eagle’s left talon are Three Small Arrows that are Pointing Down In-between the Country’s Initials. In the eagle’s right talon over the “U” is an Olive Branch with Six Petals. In the center of the button are two large Roman Font Wide Space Initials, “U . S” with a Period In-between. Underneath the country’s initials is a Wide Wreath circling around. This variant has No Flanking Berries. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat two-piece button with a soldered loop shank. The shank is original and intact. *.* UNITED STATES *.* in a channel of 2 rings of rm dots.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1820's Federal Service 14.7mm Brass GI701820's Federal Service 14.7mm Brass GI70br

1826-39 Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: A Faded Greenish-Copper.
Metal: Flat, 2-Piece, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.
Size: 14.7mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 71-Av RV 25
Tice’s Number: GEN 200-As.1
Variation: Eagle has Large Bill / Arrows Pointing Down / Wide Space Initials / 3 Small Arrow Heads Pointing Downward.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern.
Isabela’s Notes: This two-piece flat button is extremely similar to the earlier GI 70 design, except the Eagle has a Large Bill and the arrows in the eagles talon are pointing downward in-between the country’s initials toward the button’s center. This is one of the two die variants known for the small cuff or vest size button. The button’s pattern depicts a flying spread-wing eagle in the top portion of the button. The eagle’s head shows a Big Eye and Large Bill on a side profile that is facing toward the left. In the eagle’s left talon are Three Small Arrows that are Pointing Downward In-between the Country’s Initials. In the eagle’s right talon is a Small Olive Branch with Three Petals and an Olive. In the center of the button is the country’s initials, “US” is in Roman Style Capital letters. This die variant shows a Wide Space In-between the letters. Underneath the initials is a Wide Oblong Wreath. There are No Flanking Berries in this variant. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece button with a soldered loop shank. The shank is original and intact. * UNITED / STATES with an inner rings of rm dots.

The Picture is courteous of Harry Ridgeway.~

 

1820-30's U.S. Army Great Coat Buttons for General Service Infantry 21mm Brass Albert's GI 71Bv Arrows Pointed Outward Non Dug RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R1820-30's U.S. Army Great Coat Buttons for General Service Infantry 20mm Brass Arrow Points between letters Alberts GI 71-A-Tices GEN 200 PD $77.00 11-16-12 O

1826-39 Army General Service “The Great Coat Buttons”

Color: A Speckled Antique Brass.
Metal: Flat, 2-Piece, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.
Size: 14.78mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 71-Bv RV 25
Tice’s Number: GEN 200-Bs.1
Variation: Arrows Pointing Toward the Left / Olive Branch w/ Three Petals / Wide Spaced Initials w/ a Dot / Small Arrow Heads.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This is the second known die variant in the series for the cuff size button. There are three major differences in this pattern from the first illustrated cuff button. The first difference is in the style eagle depicted, and also the downwardly direction of it’s head. Second, the arrows are facing outward toward the left. Third, there is a period in-between the country’s initials. The button’s pattern depicts a Flying Spread-Wing Eagle in the top portion of the button. The eagle’s head shows a side profile that is Pointed more Downward In-between the Country’s Initials. In the eagle’s left talon is a Small Bundle of Three Arrows over the letter, “S”, that are Pointing Outward Toward the Left. In the eagle’s right claw is a Small Olive Branch with Three Petals & Two Berries over the initial, “U”. In the center of the button is the country’s initials, “US” is in Roman Stlye capital letters. This die variant depicts Wide Space initials with a Period In-between. Underneath the initials is a Wide Wreath. There is No Flanking Berries in this variant. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with no raised edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a two-piece button with a soldered loop shank. The shank is original and intact. * UNITED / STATES in a channel of 2 rings of rm dots.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

Robert’s Notes: There was another button made by Horstman that uses the same pattern as the ones used in GI 70 & 71, but is a 2-piece Convex button. I would list this as a separate series.

 

 

 

1821-40's Infantry 19mm Silver Plated Copper Albert GI79 Tices GI200 D.4 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

* 1821-1840 United States Infantry *

 

 

     The button pattern depicting a spread eagle with the inscribed “I” on the shield was officially adopted in 1821. Enlisted men used this design until 1854, when it was replaced by the general Service button without the “I”. However, Infantry Officers continued to use the pattern until 1902, when the Great Seal Pattern was officially adopted. The new convex style Silver-Plated button started to replace most flat infantry buttons at this point. Companies like Armitage and L.H Scovills started producing the earliest one-piece examples. These buttons would have been worn in later years by both the northern and southern state’s militia units on the onset of the Civil War. After a short time, there were many manufacturers producing this button with their own version of the pattern. This style pattern became the standard for all Infantry and Artillery Units. Listed below will be a handful of examples to represent the diversity of manufacturer’s patterns. It should also be noted, that some manufacturers used the same obverse dies from their one piece buttons for the newer two piece replacements. The list is incomplete, but enough specimens will be shown to show the differences in the Style Eagle, Arrows, and Olive branches depicted.

 

 

1830's Federal Infantry 20.6mm georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o copy1830's Federal Infantry 20.6mm georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1821-40’s Federal Infantry Officers

Color: A Silvery Copper.
Metal: 1-Piece, Low-Convex, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 20.6mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI200B.3 / Tice PG 141 Back mark Book
Variation: Bent Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch / Symmetrical Shield / Elongated Circular Tail Feathers / Tall Thin Initial I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a Spread Eagle facing right, with a Bent Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In it’s left talon is a small bundle of three Medium Spaced Arrows pointing unidirectional toward the left. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Symmetrical Spade Shape Shield with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a Tall Thin Initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a plain low-convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is in the Elongated Circular Tail Feathers. This pattern has been dug around numerous Civil War campsites. The A.W. Spies back mark for this particular button dates to the early 1830’s.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. *.A.W.SPIES./RICH.* rm

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1821-30 Federal Infantry 19.83mm Brass young-smith BM RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1821-30 Federal Infantry 19.83mm Brass young-smith BM RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1821-30’s Federal Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: A Greenish-Coppery Brown.
Metal: 1-Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Brass.
Size: 19.83mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79-C.1 B/M Unlisted Variant: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI 200 B.5
Variation: Curved Stem Seven Petal & Two Olive, Olive Branch / Three Wide Spaced Arrows / Long Narrow Pointed Shield / Tall Thin I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a spread eagle facing right, with right angled upraised wings. In the eagle’s right talon is a Curved Stem Seven Petal and Two Olive Olive Branch. In it’s left talon is a bundle of Three Wide Spaced Arrows pointing unidirectional toward the left. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Long Narrow Pointed Shield with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a Tall Thin Initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is the style of eagle depicted, and upraised wings right angle. This button would be one of your earliest one-piece infantry buttons by Young & Smith.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. rm .YOUNG. SMITH & Co./ NEW YORK . within 2 inner rm dotted rings

RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1820-30's federal infantry 19mm plated georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1820-30's federal infantry 19mm plated georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1821-40’s Federal Infantry Officers

Color: An Ochre of Silver, Browns, Greens and Oranges.
Metal: 1-Piece, Low-Convex, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI200C.2
Variation: Straight Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch / Tightly Grouped Arrows / Raised Spade Shape Shield / Small Initial I.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, A Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a symmetrical spread eagle facing right, with a Straight Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In it’s left talon is a small bundle of Three Tightly Grouped Arrows pointing toward the left. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Raised Spade Shape Shield with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a Small Initial, “I”for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a plain low-convex field. This manufacturer’s notable difference is the style eagle used, and the feathers depicted. This pattern has also been dug around numerous Civil War campsites. The back mark of this button indicates that it was manufactured by the English during the 1820-30’s.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. * BEST QUALITY * rm inner single ring.

Excavated by Chad Davis in Aldie, Virginia.~
Old Court House Civil War Museum.

 

1821-40's Infantry 19mm Silver Plated Copper Albert GI79 Tices GI200 D.4 georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r1821-40's Infantry 19mm Silver Plated Copper Albert GI79 Tices GI200 D.4 Paid $75. 09-8-12 r

1821-40’s Federal Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: A Silvered Kaki-Copper with Hints of Red.
Metal: 1-Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 19.5mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI200D.3
Variation: Straight Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch / Wide Spread Arrows / Slightly Slanted Elongated Shield / Small Wide Initial I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a spread eagle facing right, with a Straight Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In the eagle’s left talon is a small bundle of Three Wide Spread Arrows pointing unidirectional toward the left. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Slightly Slanted Elongated Spade Shape Shield with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a Small Wide Initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is the larger wing style, and feathers depicted. The Plated Wreath back mark dates to the early 1830’s.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. PLATED with WREATH DESIGN in-between a rm rings.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

 

1830-40's Federal Infantry 20mm brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1830-40's Federal Infantry 20mm brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1830-40’s Federal Infantry Button

Color: A Golden Brass.
Metal: 1-Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Plated Brass.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI200E
Variation: Small Spread Eagle / Straight Stem Six Petal & Three Olive, Olive Branch / Tightly Grouped Upward Pointing Arrows / Small Wide Shield.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a Small Spread Eagle facing right, with a Straight Stem Six Petal and Three Olive, Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In the eagle’s left talon is a small bundle of Three Tight Grouped Upward Pointing Arrows. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Small Wide Spade Shape Shield with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a tall thin initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is in the smaller style eagle with short wings. The Horstman & Co back mark for this button dates to the early 1830’s.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a concave one-piece button with a copper loop shank. The shank is original and intact, but slightly bent over. rm HORSTMANN&Co PHILD in-between 2 rm rings

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~

 

1830-40 US Infantry GI 80 19mm G.brass RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O11830-40 US Infantry GI 80 19mm G.brass RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R2

1835 Federal Infantry Button

Color: A Light Golden Brown.
Metal: 1-Piece, Low-Convex, Raised Design, Gilded Brass.
Size: 18.5mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 80-A.1: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI203A.1
Variation: Eagle Facing Left / Hook Stem Five Petal &Three Olive Olive Branch / Upward Pointing Arrows/Tall Thin Initial I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: There are two slightly different face dies for this pattern. Unlike the other Infantry buttons in the series, this specimen shows the pattern depicted in an opposite direction. The button’s pattern depicts a symmetrical spread Eagle Facing Left instead of right. In the eagles left talon is Hook Stem Five Petal and Three Olive, Olive Branch. In the eagle’s right talon, is a small bundle of three unidirectional Upward Pointing Arrows. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Wide Birth Spade Shape Shield, with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a Tall Thin Initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a low-convex plain field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference in this variation is the opposite direction of the pattern, and the style eagle depicted. Not that it is extremely rare, but I found this particular one-piece button a lot harder to come by then Albert’s rating allowance.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a concave one-piece button with a copper loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. * IVES,SCOTT & CO */ WATERBURY rm

The RJ Silverstein Collection.~

 

1830-40 Infantry 20mm georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com o1830-40 Infantry 20mm georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

1830-40’s Federal Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: Tarnished Coppery Brown.
Metal: 1-Piece, Convex, Raised Design, Plated.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79-C.1: RV 5
Tice’s Number: GI200.B Unlisted Back mark Variant of Young & Smith
Variation: 7 Petal & Two Olive, Olive Branch / Three Tightly Grouped Arrows / Long Narrow Pointed Shield / Tall Thin I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: The button’s pattern depicts a spread eagle facing right, with a Straight Stem Seven Petal and Two Olive Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In it’s left talon is a small bundle of Three Tightly Grouped Arrows pointing left. On the eagle’s chest, there is a Long Narrow Pointed Shield with a raised outline edge border. Within the shield is a Tall Thin Initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is the slim style eagle depicted. This button would be one of your earlier one-piece infantry buttons by Young & Smith.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. rm *YOUNG.SMITH & Co./N.YORK * with 2 inner rm rings.

 

1830-40 Infantry 20mm silvered georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1830-40 Infantry 20mm silvered georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1830-40’s Federal Infantry Officer’s Button

Color: A Silvered Kaki Copper.
Metal: 2-Piece, Low-Convex, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 20mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 82: RV 3
Tice’s Number: GI206.C Unlisted Back mark Variant of Young & Smith
Variation: Crude Style Budding Olive Branch / Three Close Spaced Arrows / Raised Shield with a large Roman style Lined I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, A Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: This button would be one of your earliest manufactured two-piece constructed buttons for infantry officers. This is an example of how Young & Smith utilized the same dies from the earlier one piece buttons. This button’s pattern depicts a spread eagle facing right, with a Crude Style Budding Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In it’s left talon is a small bundle of Three Close Spaced Arrows pointing upward and to the left. On the eagle’s chest is a Raised Shield with a Large Roman style Lined, “I” on top of the shield. As noted, the top and bottom line edges of “I” touches the shield’s inner perimeter outline. The high relief pattern is set on a plain low-convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is the thick neck and head line of the eagle depicted. The Young & Smith back mark on this example dates to the early 1830’s.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button with a loop shank. .YOUNG.SMITH & Co./N.YORK. rm with 2 inner rings rm.

 

1821-36 US InfANTRY Officers Epaulettes 14mm GI79 non dug silvered1821-36 US InfANTRY Officers Epaulettes 14mm GI79 non dug silvered r

1821-36 Federal Infantry Officer’s Epaulettes

Color: A Polished Silvered.
Metal: 1-Piece, Low-Convex, Raised Design, Silver Plated Copper.
Size: 14mm. Cuff Size
Albert’s Number: GI 79-Unlisted Variant: RV 5
Tice’s Number: Similar to GI200Fs -Unlisted Variant
Variation: Crude Style Budding Olive Branch / Crude Style Unidirectional Arrows / Raised Shield with Roman Style I.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: These smaller size buttons were usually used as officer’s Epaulettes. This button’s pattern is extremely similar to GI206/Albert’s GI82, but is a one piece, not two. This particular die variant could be a transitional button with the introduction of new two-piece construction in late 20’s. This obverse pattern is found on a two piece example. This button’s pattern depicts a spread eagle facing right, with a small Crude Style Budding Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In it’s left talon is a small bundle of three Crude Style Unidirectional Arrows pointing up and to the left. On the eagle’s chest is a Raised Shield with a Large Roman style Lined, “I” on top of the shield. As noted, the top and bottom line edges of “I” touches the shield’s outside outline. The high relief pattern is set on a plain low-convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is in the crude style arrows and olive branch depicted.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a slightly concave one-piece button, with a loop shank. Back mark: rm SUPERIOR * QUALITY* within 2 rm rings.

 

 

FEDERAL INFANTRY EAGLE WITH I IN DEPRESSED SHIELD 20.8MM BRASS georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com OFEDERAL INFANTRY EAGLE WITH I IN DEPRESSED SHIELD 20.8MM BRASS georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

 

1845-65 Federal Infantry

Color: A Golden Brass.
Metal: 2-Piece, High-Convex, Raised Design, Brass.
Size: 20.8mm. Coat Size
Albert’s Number: GI 85 or GI 88: RV 2
Tice’s Number: GI215A.39
Variation: Curved Stem Seven Petal Olive Branch / Deeply Recessed Spade Shape Shield / Small Raised Initial I
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Example, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Isabela’s Notes: They manufactured this particular pattern up until 1875, but this particular back mark indicates that it was made prior to 1865. During the Civil War, Federal Infantry troops used this particular style with the deep recessed shield frequently. The button’s pattern depicts a symmetrical spread eagle facing right, with a Curved Stem Seven Petals and Two Olive, Olive Branch in it’s right talon. In it’s left talon is a small bundle of three Close Space Arrows unidirectional pointing up and toward the left. On the eagle’s chest, is a Deeply Recessed Spade Shape Shield. Within the shield is a Small Raised Initial, “I” for infantry. The high relief pattern is set on a high-convex field with no edge border. This manufacturer’s notable difference is the symmetrical style eagle depicted with the exceptional design detail.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece concave button with a copper loop shank. rm HORSTMANN&Co PHILD in-between 2 rm rings

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.~