1775-1783
French Military Buttons
used during
the American Revolution

The French Army

 1775 to 1794
Généraux Button

       Supporting the American Revolutionaries in their struggle for independence against the British was finally backed by King Louis XVI’s of France in 1778. Louis XVI’s support was slow but he did help finance a standing French Army, and supplied the much needed Naval support. The French Court aristocracy graciously gave more then 20 million livres in cash, credit, and needed uniforms to help equip the Continental Army. Dr. Benjamin Franklin was the motivating driving force as the Second Constitutional Congress emissary or official diplomat. The series of trials and tribulations that Dr. Franklin had to resort to ultimately to win favor under the political veil will never be truly known. We can only hypothesis that his celebrated scientific knowledge, and memberships to private aristocratic clubs played a significant role in achieving his mission. 

       French military button collecting is confusing, and often times not straight forward with it’s designation to actual use. There is some misunderstanding in which unit button numbers were organized or re-organized under a specific regiment during the Revolution. This uncertainty confuses French button collectors, and adds to their uncertainty to which year a specific number was assigned to a unit and the specific time frame.

       The uncertainty arises from the French Army’s practice of reassigning unit numbers frequently because of the different engagements regiments were ordered into by Generals playing on a worldly chessboard. From 1762 to 1786, they reorganized their command structure and Army seven times. During the American Revolution they reorganized it four times in 1775, 1776, 1779, and 1780. This strategic reorganization included adding new regiments, dropping names, or downgrading the serving troops with their numbers to provincial units. This effect caused button number to change frequently, and expand unit numbers used within a specific regiment. Meaning, in layman’s terms that some regiments may have used specific troop regiment numbered buttons on the outset, but under reorganization of troops a combination of specific number buttons were simultaneously reorganized under the umbrella of reorganization. 

        Unfortunately to this day, French dug buttons that are even from verified known battlefield or encampment sites are unappreciated and undervalued. This could be a good thing for collectors of Revolutionary War buttons because they are needed to round out any button collection to tell the story properly.

       To provide an avenue for button collectors who want to begin collecting French Regiment buttons used in the Revolutionary War, I am borrowing some pages from Marian L. Hurley’s book. She has cleverly organized the French unit numbers by the French Army’s reorganization years with an overall photo. This should help collectors distinguish which regiments were in use during any given year. Afterwards, I will list a sample of my own specimens in order to provide a clear understanding of the infantry of the line button with my usual brief description summary. This French section should be viewed as a Draft-in-Works until I get a handle on how this to properly present the information with a historical perspective.

       For a more definitive and in-depth listing of reorganized infantry regiments, I recommend Marian L. Hurley’s, “A Collector’s guide to French Military Buttons of the American Revolution 1775-1783.” 

 

                         1775                                                            1776                                                         1779
               Troupes a Pied                                         Troupes a Pied                                       Troupes a Pied         
            Infanterie de Linge                               Infanterie de Linge                              Infanterie de Linge

IMG_3334   IMG_3336  IMG_3338

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Button Illustrations Courteous of Ed & Marian L. Hurley.

 

 

 

* The French Army*
1775 to 1784
Foot Troops 

Infantry of the Line 

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

1762-80 French 1st Reg. 16mm White Metal georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1762-80 French 1st Reg. 16mm White Metal georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R


Button’s Regiment Number: 
1st Infantry Regt. of the Line .
Button’s Use Date:
1762-1780     
Name of Unit:
 Picardie Regiment.                                    

Prescribed Issue:
Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.                     

Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.

Button Size: 17mm. Cuff or Vest.        
Stations & Engagements: The 1st infantry Regt. of the French Army was founded in 1479, and is one of the oldest active service regiments in the world, and one of the five oldest regiments in France. It is an offspring of the bands de Picardie under the Ancien Regime. In 1781, a detachment of this unit served as, “Ships Garrison” in the Yorktown Campaign. In 1780, the Colonel General assumed the number “1” and adopted a button with a stand of flags. Picardie took on the number “2”. It is assumed that buttons dug at Yorktown are from a Picardie detachment during the Revolutionary War. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “1” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

1775 French 7th Regt. 17.92mm Yellow Metal Dug Williamsburg VA RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1775 French 7th Regt. 17.92mm Yellow Metal Dug Williamsburg VA RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 7th Infantry Regt. of the Line .
Button’s Use Date: 1775-1776 / 1776-1779 / 1779-1782
Name of Unit: Bourbonnais Regt. – 1775
Reorganized Unit: Piemont Regiment – 1776.
Reorganized Unit: Champagne Regt. 1779-1782
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 17.92mm. Cuff or Vest.
Stations & Engagements: Champagne Regt. (White) has 1 Battalion in Martinique from January 1779 to July 1783. The Champagne Regt. in 1779, most likely didn’t receive any number 7 buttons in time for the Savannah campaign. Any brass buttons bearing the number 7 that were found in Yorktown were most likely older buttons from Bourbonnais Regt. that were still in use. In 1782, there was detachments in Rhode Island and Portsmouth New Hampshire.The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “7” in the center of a 2 Concentric Rings and an open circle with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

Dug at Williamsburg, VA
The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

 

Button’s Regiment Number: 11th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date:
1762-1775 / 1776-1791
Name of Unit: La Marine Regiment 1776-1779.
Name of Unit:
Guyenne Regiment 1762-1775.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow 1762-1775, 1776-1779.
Regulation Button Color:
White 1779-1791.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.13mm cuff or vest.
Stations & Engagements: The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “11” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends. there is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

Dug in Central Virginia.
RJ.Silverstein Collection

 

 

 

1777 to 1783 12th Regiment French Very Rare Savanah GA. rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com  1777 to 1783 12th Regiment French Very Rare Savanah GA. rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.comr

Button’s Regiment Number: 12th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date:
1777-1781
Name of Unit: Auxxerrois Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern. 
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.90mm Cuff or Vest.
Stations & Engagements: Dug in Savannah Georgia. The 12th had a detachment at the siege of Savanah Georgia during September and October of 1779. In 1781, another detachment was part of the raid on Fort Prince of Wales, in Aug of 1781. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “12” in the center of a broken circle with wide space between iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

Dug in Savanah, Georgia.
The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

 

13th Dug Westchester NY O 13th Dug Westchester NY r

Button’s Regiment Number: 13th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1779 to 1783.
Name of Unit: Bourbonnais Regiment. 
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: White.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank
Button Size: 18mm Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: Two Battalions in U.S. from May 2, 1780 to June 1783. Took part in Lloyd’s Neck raid in 1781. Siege of Yorktown Sept. to Oct. 1781. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “13” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

Dug in Westchester, New York.

 

 

 

1776-79 15th Regt. Bourbonnais 15.89mm Yellow rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1776-79 15th Regt. Bourbonnais 15.89mm Yellow rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 15th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button’s Use Date:
May 31, 1776 to February 21, 1779

Name of Unit: Bourbonnais Regiment.
Infantry Number: Assumed the 13th.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 15.89mm. Cuff or Vest.
Stations & Engagements: The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “15” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends. there is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

 

1775 16th Regt. French 16mm cuff o 1775 16th Regt. 23mm Coat R

Button’s Regiment Number: 16th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: February 21, 1779-1781.
Name of Unit: Forez Regiment Prior to 1779.
Name of Unit: Agenois Regiment 1779 forward.
Infantry Number: 16 Assumed by Agenois 14th Regt. after 1779.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: White in 1779.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow after February 21, 1779.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.89mm Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: Siege of Savanah in 1779, Florida May 1781. Siege at Yorktown, VA Sept-Oct. of 1781. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “16” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

 

 

1777-1781 French 18th Regt 16.65mm White Metal Yorktown, VA Gatinois Regt. Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1777-1781 French 18th Regt 16.65mm White Metal Yorktown, VA Gatinois Regt. Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 18th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: America 1779-1781 
Name of Unit: Gatinois Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: White
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.65mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: There was one Battalion in Hati from October of 1777 to July of 1783. There was another Battalion in Martinique from 1776 to July of 1783. In America there was a detachment at the Siege of Savanah from Sept. to Oct. 1779. There was another detachment at the Siege of Pensacola Florida in May of 1781. Also, they were present at the Siege of Yorktown, Virginia in 1781. Prior this number was borne by Torraine Regiment (White) from 1762-1775.The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “18” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

Dug in Yorktown, VA.
The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

Button’s Regiment Number: 19th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date:
1762-1775 / 1775-1776 / 1776-1791 

Name of Unit: Aquitaine Regt. 1762-75.
Reorganized Unit: Dauphin Regt. 1775-75.
Reorganized Unit: Flandre Regt. 1776-91.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.28mm. Cuff or Vest.
Stations & Engagements: The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “19” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

 

1776-86 French Dauphin 30th Regt. Soissonnais Regt. During Rev War RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1776-86 French Dauphin 30th Regt. Soissonnais Regt. During Rev War RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 30th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1776-1786
Name of Unit: Dauphin Regiment 1776-1786.
Name of Unit: Assigned to Soissonnais 41st. Regiment 1776-1781
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank. 
Button Cuff Size: 16.22mm Cuff Size.    
Stations & Engagements: There is no record of service in Dauphin Regt. in North America from 1775-1776. Any troops reorganized in Soissonnais 41st Regt. would have seen action on the Raid at Lloyd’s Neck in July of 1781, Siege of Yorktown, VA from Sept. to Oct. 1781. If buttons are dug at these location it would be reasonable to assume troops were using orig. issue uniforms and buttons. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “30” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

Dug in Southbury, CT.
The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

1767-75 38th Conde Regt. 21mm Yellow rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1767-75 38th Conde Regt. 21mm Yellow rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 38 Conde Regiment.
Button Use Date: 1762 to 1775 / 1776-1779
Name of Unit:
38 Conde Regt. 1762-1775
Reorganized Unit: Artois Regiment 1775-75.
Reorganized Unit: Nivernais Regiment. 1776-79.
Reorganized Unit: Marechal de Turenne 1779-Post.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 17mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: The 38 Conde Regiment was one the few regiments that was allowed to wear the Prince’s Coat of Arms on their buttons. From 1762-1775 the Conde Regt. used the number 38. So, it stands to reason that any Conde buttons dug in the same vicinity as the later Rev War time 38th Infantry Regt. was apart of the same unit. This specimen along with another Prince Coat of Arms 45 Conde was dug here in Yorktown, VA. by Bill Brown in the early 1980’s. 

Previously, the Bill Brown Collection.

Robert, I have personally dug some of these crown and fleurs-de-lis buttons near Yorktown and NW of Williamsburg carrying different numbers.  Mention this because this specific design also carries the number 23, 24, 25, 36, 56, 57, 81, and 93; all are very rare and seldom encountered since they were all made well before the deployment of French troops to the Caribbean and later, New York, Rhode Island, Georgia and Virginia. – Bill Brown.

 

 

 

1776-91 41st Regt. Soissonnais 17.23mm Yellow georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 41st Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date:
Became 41st on May 3, 1776 to July 1791

Name of Unit: Soissonnais Regt. May 1780-July 1783
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 17.23mm Cuff or Vest.
Stations & Engagements: Raid on Loyd’s Neck Bridge, New York July 1781, and then from Sept to Oct Siege of Yorktown, Virginia in 1781. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “41” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

 

 

1770's French 45 New Orleans Regt. 17mm O

Button’s Regiment Number: 45 Conde Regiment.
Button Use Date: 1775 to 1783
Name of Unit: Orleans Conde Regt.
Reorganized Unit: 38 Conde Regt.
Prescribed Issue:
Enlisted Man’s Pattern.

Regulation Button Color: Yellow
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 17mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: The Conde Regiment was one the few regiments who were allowed to wear the Coat of Arms of the Prince on their buttons. From 1762-1775 the Conde Regt. was numbered 38. So, it stands to reason that any buttons dug in the same vicinity as the 38th Infantry Regt. was one in the same. This specimen along with another Prince Coat of Arms 38 Conde was dug near Yorktown, VA. by Bill Brown in the early 1980’s. 

Previously, the Bill Brown Collection.

 

 

 

1767-1775 Royal Corps of Artillery 18.94mm Yellow georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1767-1775 Royal Corps of Artillery 18.94mm Yellow georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 47th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date:
Royal Corps of Artillery 1767-1775 
Name of Unit: Bretagne Regt.
Prescribed Issue: Officer’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 18.94mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: Since the Infantry Regiment has no official Revolutionary War service years, this button is thought to be older pattern’s that was still being worn by the Metropolitan Artillery troops. This button is thought to have been used by an officer from in Bretagne’s Regt. that served with another unit, possibly a small detachment. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “47” in the center of  2 Concentric Rings. The inner circle being an open circle with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

 

 

French Reg. 51 23mm brass turret shank found near Savananh GA RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.comFrench Reg. 51 23mm brass turret shank found near Savananh GA RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

 

Button’s Regiment Number: 51st Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1776 to 1791
Name of Unit: Hainault Regt.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow 
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 23mm. Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: Originally the 33rd Regiment from 1762-75, and then the 40th until 1776. Both 33rd & 40th were prescribed White buttons. From 1776 to 1791 it reorganized into the 51st. This regiment had a detachment at the siege of Savannah, Sept through Oct of 1779. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “51” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

Dug near Savanah Georgia.

 

 

 

1775-76 Royal Corps of Artillery 16.95mm Yellow RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1775-76 Royal Corps of Artillery 16.95mm Yellow RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 53rd Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1775-1776

Name of Unit: Royal Corps of Artillery.
Infantry Number: 53rd Artillery Regt. 
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.95mm Cuff or Vest.
Stations & Engagements: This unit was part of the Metropolitan Royal de l’ Artillerie battalions. This button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “53” in the center of 2 Concentric Rings. The outer circle being open with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends.. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

The RJ.Silverstein Collection.

 

1776 French 64th Regt. Royal Artillery 16.92mm Brass RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1776 French 64th Regt. Royal Artillery 16.92mm Brass RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 64th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: Royal Corps of Artillery 1776-1784
Name of Unit: Bretagne Regt.
Prescribed Issue: Officer’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 16.92mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: This unit was part of the Metropolitan Royal de l’ Artillerie battalions. The 47 was changed to 64 in 1776, and carried this number to the end of the war. There appears to be 4 known variation buttons using the number 64. One officer and 3 enlisted man’s patterns. The button’s pattern depicts the artillery regiment number, “64” in the center of 2 Concentric Rings. The outer circle being an open with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

77th French Regiment Pre-1776 don T

Button’s Regiment Number: 79th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: Prior to 1776, Number assigned to 90th after 1776.
Name of Unit: Dillon Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Officer’s Pattern- Gilded Copper, Enlisted Man’s-Brass.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Coat Size: Approx. 23mm.
Button Cuff Size: Approx. 17mm.
Stations & Engagements: The 79th Regt. was assigned to the 90th Dillon Regt. prior to 1776. This number was not given to another regiment after that date. Any 79 numbered buttons found at Rev War sites are from prior to the reorganization by soldiers original issued uniforms. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “79” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

 

 

 

1781 French 80th Reg 17mm White Metal georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1781 French 80th Reg 17mm White Metal georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 80th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1781
Name of Unit: Lamarck Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: White.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: Approx. 18mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Stations & Engagements: This was a German Regt. There was a detachment assigned to the Royal Deux-Ponts Regt. (104th) that was stationed in Rhode Island in June of 1781. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “80” in the center of a broken circle with touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

 

 

 

1776-79 French 84th Regt. La Marche Regt. rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1776-79 French 84th Regt. La Marche Regt. rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 84th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1776 to 1779.
Name of Unit: La Marche Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow 1776 to 1779.
Button Color:
 Changed to White in 1779.
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: Approx. 17mm. Cuff Size.
Stations & Engagements: In 1779, the number was assigned to the Conte Regiment. Troops had this number at Yorktown. No Record of Service in North America. The button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “84” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

Dug at Yorktown, Va.
The Joe Cuevas Collection. 

 

 

1780-83 French 85th Regiment 15mm White Metal PD $138.R

 

Button’s Regiment Number: 85th Infantry Regt. Of the Line.
Button Use Date: America 1780 to 1783.

Name of Unit: Saintonge Regiment.
Old Regt. Number: 68th Infantry Regt. from 1762-1775.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: White 1775-1779.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow 1779-1783
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: 15.20mm. Cuff Size.
Stations & Engagements: In July of 1781, part of the Raid on Loyd’s Neck. From Set. to Oct. 1781, the Siege at Yorktown, Virginia. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “85” in the center of an Open Circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

Dug at Yorktown, Va.
RJ. Silverstein Collection. 

 

 

1776-79 French 85th Regt Saintonge Regt rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R1776-79 French 85th Regt Saintonge Regt rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

Button’s Regiment Number: 85th Infantry Regt. Of the Line.
Button Use Date: In U.S. from 1780 to 1783.
Name of Unit: Saintonge Regiment.
Old Regt. Number: 68th Infantry Regt. from 1762-1775.
Prescribed Issue: Enlisted Man’s Pattern.
Regulation Button Color: White 1775-1779.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow 1779-1783
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size: Approx. 17mm. Cuff Size.
Stations & Engagements: This button’s pattern depicts the regiment number, “85” in the center of 2 Concentric Rings, and an Open Circle with almost touching iris ends. There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. In July of 1781, part of the Raid on Loyd’s Neck. From Set. to Oct. 1781, the Siege at Yorktown, Virginia.

Dug at Yorktown, Va.
The Joe Cuevas Collection.

 

 

 

 The French Army’s
Generals 
&

Commissioned Officer’s
* 1775 to 1784 *

 

     Officer’s dress buttons are prescribed Yellow. This is a Gold plated metal crimped over a wood or bone back. Inspector generals and their staff used white metal. For field wear, all officers used cast buttons. They used either cat gut or a heavy thread for the shank attachment. There are 5 types of Officer’s button backs. First, is a bone or wood round disc with five holes. The four outer holes would have the catgut cord or heavy thread shank. The obverse’s metal is then crimped over the bone or wood disc. The center hole was the result of a manufacturing process of the bone or wood disc itself. Second, is a bone or wood disc with a wire shank going through the center hole. Third, is a two-piece button that has four holes in the back with either catgut, wire, or a heavy thread used for the shank attachment. Fourth, is a round knotted thread back with the obverse’s metal crimped over it’s edges. Fifth, is a round metal planchet. This has a stamped repousse metal obverse that is crimped over a metallic disk with a brazed shank. All Officer’s coat buttons fall between 26mm. to 28mm. in size.  All Officer’s cuff or vest buttons fall between 17mm to 19mm. in size. 

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1775-1794 French General 26.95mm Gilt Bone Back RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1775-1794 French General 26.95mm Gilt Bone Back RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1775 to 1794 Généraux (General) Dress Button / 5 Petal 7 Anther Center Flower.

Button Use Date: 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: General of the French Army.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Brass Crimped over a Bone Disc.
Button Size: 26.98mm Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse: This is a Bone back with 5 holes. There are 5 types of officer’s button backs. This button is Type I: A bone back with 5 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The 5th or center hole is the result of the manufacturing process of the bone or wood disk. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a bone disc. All General’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.

The RJ. Silverstein Collection.

 

 

1775-1794 French General 26.95mm Gilt Bone Back RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O21775-1794 French General 26.95mm Gilt Bone Back RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O2R

1775 to 1794 Généraux (General) Dress Button 5 Petal 13 Anther Center Flower.

Button Use Date: 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: General of the French Army.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Brass Crimped over a Bone Disc.
Button Size: 27.00mm Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse: This is a Bone back with 5 holes. There are 5 types of officer’s button backs. This button is Type I: A bone back with 5 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The 5th or center hole is the result of the manufacturing process of the bone or wood disk. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a bone disc. All General’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.

The David Gates Collection. 

 

 

1775 to 1794 Généraux General 17mm Cuff Silver RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R1775 to 1794 Généraux General 17mm Cuff Silver RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1775 to 1794 Généraux (General) Field Wear Button / 5 Petal Flower Dome Stigma.

Button Use Date: 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: Commissioned Officer, General of the French Army.
Regulation Button Color: White
Metal Composition: White Cast Metal: Silver.
Button Size: 17mm Cuff Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse: A one piece button with a loop shank. 

 

 

1775-94 Generals 28mm Silvered Brass Wood Back O1775-94 Generals 28mm Silvered Brass Wood Back R

1775 to 1794 Généraux (General) Dress Button / 12 Stipple Dome Center.

Button Use Date: 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: General of the French Army.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Silver’d Brass Crimped over a Wood Disc.
Button Size: 28.01mm Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse: This is a Wood back with 4 holes. There are 5 types of officer’s button backs. This button is Type I: A wood back with 4 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a wood disc. All General’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.

The David Gates Collection. 

 

1775-90 Generals 28mm Gilt Brass Wood Back O1775-90 Generals 28mm Gilt Brass Wood Back R

1775 to 1794 Généraux (General) Dress Button / 12 Stipple Cone Center.

Button Use Date: 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: General of the French Army.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gilt Brass Crimped over a Wood Disc.
Button Size: 28.00mm. Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse: This is a wood back with 4 holes. There are 5 types of officer’s button backs. This button is Type I: A wood back with 4 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a wood disc. All General’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.

The David Gates Collection.

 

 

1775 French Aide de Camp 26mm White Metal over Bone RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R1775 French Aide de Camp 26mm White Metal over Bone RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1775 to 1794 Aide de Camp Dress Button.

Button Use Date: Sept 2, 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: Commissioned Officer to Staff.
Regulation Button Color: White
Metal Composition: Plated White Metal Crimped over a Bone Disc.
Button Size: 26.01mm Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse Button Analysis: This button is Type I: A bone back with 5 holes. The 4 outer holes use a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The 5th or center hole is the result of the manufacturing process of the bone or wood disk. The plated metal is crimped over a bone disc. All General Staff Officer’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.

 

 

1775-94 French General 26mm White Metal over Wood RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1775-94 French General 26mm White Metal over Wood RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1775 to 1794 French Inspector Generals & Staff Dress Button

Button Use Date: 1775-1794.
Prescribed Issue: Commissioned Officer, General of the French Army.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Metal Crimped over A Wood Disc.
Button Size: 26.01mm Coat Size.
Stations & Engagements: American & European Theatre.
Reverse Button Analysis: This button is Type I: A wood back with 4 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a bone disc. All generals buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.

 

 

1780 French Regimental uniform button non dug 26mmRJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com 1780 French Regimental uniform button non dug 26mmRJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com r

Button’s Regiment Number: 77th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1776 – 1786
Name of Unit: Beaujolais Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Commissioned Officer’s Button.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Metal Crimped over Bone Disc.
Button Size: Approx. 26mm. Coat Size.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a bone back with 5 holes. There are 5 types of officer’s button backs. This button is Type I: A bone back with 5 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a bone disc.
Stations & Engagements: 
The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “77” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field.

 

 

 

 

French officers button 1780 17mm uniform vest button gilt RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com French officers button 1780 17mm uniform vest button gilt with wood and cat gut cord E.A. aug 16, 2008 $1 r

Button’s Regiment Number: 80th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1781.
Name of Unit: Lamarck Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Commissioned Officer’s Button.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Metal Crimped over a Wood Disc.
Button Size: Approx. 17mm. to 19mm. Cuff or Vest Size.
Reverse Button Analysis: This button is Type I: A wood back with 5 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a wood disc. 
Stations & Engagements:
This was a German Regt. There was a detachment assigned to the Royal Deux-Ponts Regt. (104th) that was stationed in Rhode Island in June of 1781. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “80” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

 

 

 

 

1762-76 Champane 2nd Regiment 23mm Gilt Brass over Bone Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1762-76 Champane 2nd Regiment 23mm Gilt Brass over Bone Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

Button’s Regiment Number: 2nd Infantry Reg. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1762-1776 / 1776-80 / 1781
Name of Unit: Champagne Regt. 1762-1776
Reorganized Unit: Provence Regt. 1776-1780 when #2 assigned to Picardie.
Prescribed Issue:  Commissioned Officer’s Button.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow (Always for Officers).
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Metal Crimped over a Bone Disc.
Button Size: 23mm. Coat Size.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a bone back with 4 holes. This button is Type I: A bone back with 4 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a wood disc. All officer’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.
Stations & Engagements:
 A detachment of Picardie served as “Ships Garrison” during the siege of Yorktown in 1781. Collector’s note, when they say, “Ships Garrison” it is a reference to infantry troops who are stationed aboard ships, but not part of the ship’s company. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “2” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

 

 

 

 

Rev War 14th Regiment 17mm Gilt Brass over Bone r

Button’s Regiment Number: 14th Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date: 1777 to 1783.
Name of Unit: Agenois Regiment.
Prescribed Issue: Commissioned Officer’s Button.
Regulation Button Color: Yellow.
Metal Composition: Gold Plated Metal Crimped over Bone Disc.
Button Cuff Size: 17mm Cuff Size.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a bone back with 4 holes. This button is Type I: A bone back with 4 holes. The holes use either a cut gut cord or a heavy thread for the shank. The yellow gold plated metal is crimped over a wood disc. All officer’s buttons are bone or wood backs for dress, and cast for field wear.
Stations & Engagements:
A detachment was at the siege of Pensacola, and siege of Savannah in 1779. Also, siege of Yorktown, Virginia from Sept to October in 1781. The button’s pattern depicts a the regiment number, “14” in the center of a broken circle with almost touching iris ends, There is a small raised stipple above the center of the iris ends. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field. 

 

 

 

Button’s Regiment Number:  Infantry Regt. of the Line.
Button Use Date:
Name of Unit:
Prescribed Issue:
Regulation Button Color:
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Coat Size:
Button Cuff Size: 

Stations & Engagements:

Button’s Regiment Number:
Button Use Date:

Name of Unit:
Prescribed Issue:
Regulation Button Color:
Metal Composition: Brass Button with Brass Turret Shank.
Button Size:
Stations & Engagements: