1767 – 1783
The British Army
Royal Artillery
Regiment of Foot

The 18th Century British Army
Regt. of Foot
&
Royal Regt. of Artillery

     The British Army….

 

 

 

The Royal Regiment of Artillery

 

 

 

 

1790's British General Artillery 25mm Gilt Repousee sheet Copper bone back RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1790's British General Artillery 25mm Gilt Repousee sheet Copper bone back RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1790-1810 THE ROYAL REGIMENT of ARTILLERY

Color: White With Gilt Highlights
Metal: Flat, Raised Design, Gilt Repouse Sheet Copper Wrapped Over Bone Back.
Button Size: Approx. 25mm. Coat Size.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: Dating is uncertain for it’s use. There are also no excavated specimens as of date. This is the large coat size Artillery Officer’s pattern. The button’s pattern depicts a Large Cannon on a Garrison Carriage with a stack of 15 Cannon Balls (or round shot) in front that are stacked in a pyramid shape. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with a raised leaf edge border.
Reverse Attachment: This is a two-piece button with a Bone Back and a Cat Gut Cord for Attachment.

 

 

British Artillery 25mm Gilt Repousse Sheet Copper WLeigh Georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1

1790-1810 THE ROYAL REGIMENT of ARTILLERY 

Color: Antique Brass Yellow
Metal: Flat, Raised Design, Gilt Repouse Sheet Copper Wrapped Over Bone Back.
Button Size: Approx. 25mm. Coat Size.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains. 
Robert’s Notes: Dating is uncertain for it’s use. The backmark indicates 1830’s. There are also no excavated specimens as of date. This is the large coat size Artillery Officer’s pattern. The button’s pattern depicts a Large Cannon on a garrison carriage with a stack of 15 Cannon Balls (or round shot) in front that are stacked in a pyramid shape. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with a raised leaf edge border.
Reverse Attachment: This is a two-piece button with a Bone Back and a Cat Gut Cord for Attachment. 

Picture Courteous of William Leigh 

 

 

 

Royal Artillery 24mm gilt copper repousse Bone Back Ebay 10-19-12 $1200Royal Artillery 24mm gilt copper repousse Bone Back 10-19-12 $1200. r

THE HONORABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY 

Color: Coppery Orange.
Metal: Flat, Raised Design, Gilt Copper Repousse Wrapped over A Bone Disc.
Button Size: 23mm.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Comments: This button is not related to any commissioned officers serving the British Army during the American Revolution. There is a portrait of an Officer of the Madres Artillery in 1784, has shown the button to represent the Honorable East India Company. There is also a matching cuff example. The button’s pattern depicts two large script initials, “R . A” in the center thought to mean Royal Artillery. Circling around the legend’s is a raised Leaf Edge trim.The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field, with a thin raised leaf edge border.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a 2-piece bone back button with cat gut or heavy thread cord.

 

 

 

1783 British Artillery 25mm brass orig shank non excav. RJ georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1783 British Artillery 25mm brass orig shank non excav. RJ georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

THE ROYAL REGIMENT of ARTILLERY BUTTON (First Seen Post Revolution)

Color: A Brassy Brown with Green Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Button Size: 24.87mm.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: During the American Revolution the British Artillery enlisted men mainly wore unmarked (blank) flat brass buttons. Although, from officer’s portraits of the era, we know that there were two types of Officer’s buttons used. This Artillery button’s pattern depicts The Ordnance Arms.  The depiction shows Three Stacked Cannons at Rest within a sunken Norman Style Shield. The high relief pattern is set on a evenly spaced lined filed. Above the Cannons is an arc housing Three Round Shots with a pattern of 5 Raised Stipples in-between. The first order fulfillment probably wasn’t until 1783, after the war ended. There have been no battlefields or campsites prior to 1784, that have shown this pattern to be found. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. 

The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

1783 British Artillery Button 17mm rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R 1783 British Artillery Button 17mm rj silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

 

THE ROYAL REGIMENT of ARTILLERY VEST/CUFF BUTTON (Post Revolution)

Color: This has an Olive Brown Patina.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Button Size: 16.81mm. Cuff /Vest Size
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Comments: This button’s pattern depicts The Ordnance Arms. The depiction shows Three Stacked Cannons at Rest within a sunken Norman Style Shield. The high relief pattern is set on a evenly spaced lined filed. Above the Cannons is an arc housing Three Round Shots with a pattern of 5 Raised Stipples in-between. The first order fulfillment probably wasn’t until 1783, after the war ended. There have been no battlefields or campsites prior to 1784 that have shown this pattern to be found.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

1790-1800 Militia Artillery Button 26mm Brass Ultra Rare 2 cannons & Brown Bess RJ SILVERSTEIN georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com1790-1800 Militia Artillery Button 26mm Brass Ultra Rare 2 cannons & Brown Bess RJ SILVERSTEIN georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1785-1800 ENGLISH MILITIA ARTILLERY

Color: An Aged Brown Patina with Red Undertones.
Metal: Slightly Convex, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Button Size: 24.81mm.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Fair Planchet Condition, Fair High Relief Pattern.
Variation: Sunken Norman Shield / 2 Cannons & Brown Bess In-Between / Artillery.
Robert’s Comments: This is a rare Post-Revolution English Militia Artillery button. Most likely not an officer’s button. This button was most likely worn by someone serving in one of the many militia artillery units stationed in Great Britain / England. Most likely dating around the beginning of the 1800’s. The button’s pattern depicts a sunken Norman Shield with a large British Crown above. Within the shield there are Two Cannons pointing right, with a Brown Bess Style Musket in-between. Inscribed on the left hand-side of the button’s border edge is the word, “ARTILLERY “, in all capital letters. On the right hand-side edge border is the word, “COAST.” The inside high relief motif is set on an evenly lined field within the sunken shield.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a flat one-piece button with a loop shank.

The RJ Silverstein Collection. 

My guess is English Militia , it’s certainly not a regular army artillery button. Probably dug in UK where the unit stayed for it’s entire existence. There was a huge number of UK militia units at the time , all with their own buttons and plates that sat out all the wars . dt

 

 

The Royal Irish Artillery, 1785- 1801 

     The Royal Irish Artillery was originally raised in Dublin, Ireland in 1756 from a Royal Artillery detachment that was stationed there from England. Later, when the American Revolution was in full swing a small detachment was sent to serve with Burgoyne’s expedition in 1777. Otherwise, the Royal Irish Artillery mostly served in the West indies during the 1790’s era. They officially disbanded in 1801.

 

1785-1801 Royal Irish Artillery 25mm. Gilded Brass RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1785-1801 Royal Irish Artillery 25mm. Gilded Brass RJ Silverstein's georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1785-1801 THE ROYAL IRISH ARTILLERY

Color: Charcoal Ash Grey with White Encrustations.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Button Size: 24.21mm.  Coat Size
Variation: Dotted Shield Perimeter / Canon Wheel Even with Cannon Top / Modern Cannon.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Casting, Good High Relief Pattern.
Robert’s Comments:  The button’s pattern depicts a British Royal Crown surmounting an Irish harp that is over a Cannon. The cannon has a short carriage, and the cannon’s wheel is even with the top of the cannon. The small crown has two raised stipples flanking each side. The high relief pattern is set within a sunken Norman Shield that has an evenly lined field. This shield does have the perimeter stipples around the edge border. There are rarer die variants known that do not posses these perimeter stipples.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one piece button with a copper loop shank.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

 

1785-81 Royal Irish Artillery 24mm. Gilded Brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O 1785-81 Royal Irish Artillery 24mm. Gilded Brass georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1785-1801 THE ROYAL IRISH ARTILLERY

Color: Aged Brown with Orange & Green Undertones.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass.
Button Size: 23.45mm. Coat Size
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Good Planchet Condition, Good High Relief Pattern Remains.
Variation: Canon Wheel Extends Past Cannon Top / Old Style Cannon at Rest / Crown Pattern Dotted / No Perimeter Dots.
Robert’s Comments: This is the another die variant that was used by the Royal Irish Artillery. This button’s pattern is slightly different then the other two known examples. This button’s pattern depicts a Large Irish Harp in the Center surmounting a Cannon. Above is a Crown in the center which is flanked by Two Round Shots. The high relief pattern is set within a sunken Norman Shield with an evenly lined field. The Crown and Round Shot is set on a flat field with raised stipples. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one piece button with a loop shank.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

 

 

1785-1801 Royal Irish Artillery georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O
1785-1801 THE ROYAL IRISH ARTILLERY

Color: An Olive Brown Patina.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Cast Gilt Brass.
Button Size: 16.5mm. Cuff /Vest Size.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Fair Planchet, Fair High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Comments: This enlisted man’s button’s pattern depicts a small Crown surmounting a Harp which is above a Cannon. There are two raised Round Shots on each side of the crown with stipples in-between. The high relief pattern is set within a sunken Norman Shield with a raised stipple edge border. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-pice button with a soldered on copper loop shank.

 

 

 

The British Regt. of Foot
Officers & Enlisted men’s Patterns

B2

 

 

 

 

 

1776-1782 63rd Regt of Foot 24mm Coat Silvered Bone Back RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1776-1782 63rd Regt of Foot 24mm Coat Silvered Bone Back RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

1775-1782 63rd Regt. of Foot Officer’s Dress

Color: Ice Silver.
Metal: Flat, Raised Design, Silver Sheet Copper Wrapped Over A Bone Disc.
Button Size: Approx. 24.02mm. Coat Size.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Comments: There appears to be only one pattern for an Officer’s button. It comes in both coat and cuff size. The button’s pattern depicts a large evenly lined crosshatch 8 Pointed Star. In the center is a raised Concentric Ring with an Arabic Regt. number 63 in the middle. The high relief pattern is set on a plain filed. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a 2-piece with either a 4 or 5 hole bone back. A cat gut or heavy thread cord was used for attachment.

The Joe Cuevas Collection.

 

 

1776-1782 63rd Regt of Foot 17mm Cuff Silvered Bone Back RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R11776-1782 63rd Regt of Foot 17mm Cuff Silvered Bone Back RJ Silversteins georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O

1775-1782 63rd Regt. of Foot Officer’s Dress

Color: Tarnished Silver.
Metal: Flat, Raised Design, Silver Sheet Copper Wrapped Over A Bone Disc.
Button Size: Approx. 17mm. Cuff Size.
Present Condition: A Non Excavated Specimen, Exceptional Planchet Condition, An Exceptional High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Comments: This is the cuff size matching button. The button’s pattern depicts a large crosshatch lined 8 Pointed Star. In the center is a raised Concentric Ring with an Arabic Regt. number 63 in the middle. The high relief pattern is set on a plain filed.
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a 2-piece with either a 4 or 5 hole bone back. A cat gut or heavy thread cord was used for attachment.

The Joe Cuevas Collection.

 

 

3rd Foot Guards (Scots Guards) 1st Pattern 1767-70’s



Color: A Charcoal Brown.
Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Gilt Brass W/ Iron shank reverse.
Button Size: 25mm.
Present Condition: An Excavated Example, Strong Planchet Condition, Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.
Robert’s Notes: This pattern was known to have changed three times by 1775. This is the first pattern and dates from 1760 to 1770. This is the large coat button. The button’s pattern depicts a large raised, “Gds over a large 3” in the center. The high relief pattern is set on a plain flat field with a raised Stipple Channel with a small Leaf Pattern within. These officers composed a composite Brigade of Guards with the 1st and 2nd of Foot.
Interesting Facts: There campaigns included the New York in 1776, Philadelphia in 1777, Monmouth Courthouse in 1778, Fort Lafayette on Verplank’s Point in 1779, Fort Tyron, Spring Field, N.J. in 1780, then to Camden, and Guilford Courthouse. The remnants of the brigade was captured at the siege of Yorktown, Virginia. They returned to Great Britain in 1783.
Reverse Button Analysis: The button has a raised Boss with a Iron loop shank missing.


The RJ. Silverstein Collection

 

1775-83 3rd Foot Guards(Scots Guards) Enlisted Man's Pattern 24mm. Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com O1775-83 3rd Foot Guards(Scots Guards) Enlisted Man's Pattern 24mm. Pewter georgewashingtoninauguralbuttons.com R

 

3rd Foot Guards (Scots Guards) 3rd Pattern 1775-83



Color: Soil Brown W/ Grey Undertones.

Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Raised Design, Pewter.

Button Size: 24.36mm.
 Coat size.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition , Strong High Relief Pattern Remains.

Robert’s Notes: This is the third pattern known to be used by the enlisted man. There is also two die variants using this depiction. This button is the large size coat pattern worn by enlisted men during the American Revolution. The button’s pattern shows an Eight Pointed Star representing the union flag of England’s Cross of St. John and Scotland’s St. Andrew’s Cross. The center has a well with a raised Scottish Thistle and is flanked by an Arabic “3” on the left and a “G” on the right. 
Interesting Facts: These officers composed a composite Brigade of Guards with the 1st and 2nd of Foot. There campaigns included the New York in 1776, Philadelphia in 1777, Monmouth Courthouse in 1778, Fort Lafayette on Verplank’s Point in 1779, Fort Tyron, Spring Field, N.J. in 1780, then to Camden, and Guilford Courthouse. The remnants of the brigade was captured at the siege of Yorktown, Virginia. They returned to Great Britain in 1783.

Reverse Button Analysis: The button has a raised Boss with a loop shank.

Excavated in New Jersey.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.

 

 

Post Rev War GR Silver Cuff 16.71mm Tinned or Silver'd Orig. Shank OPost Rev War GR Silver Cuff 16.71mm Tinned or Silver'd Orig. Shank R

1790’s-1812 Officer’s GR Button



Color: Silver With Black Highlights.

Metal: Flat, 1-Piece, Silver’d or Tinned.

Button Size: 16.71mm.
 Cuff Size.
Present Condition: An Excavated Specimen, Strong Planchet Condition, A Strong Impression Remains.

Robert’s Notes: This is an Officer’s Cuff button to show loyalty directly to King George. Even though dug in Upstate NY region, it most likely was worn by a British Officer’s who fled to Canada after the American Revolution. This was definitely a high quality engraved “impressed”pattern which lends to early war time 1780’s before high relief designs. 
Reverse Button Analysis: This is a one-piece button with a loop shank. The shank is original, straight, and intact. 

Excavated in Upstate New York Lake George Vicinity.

The RJ Silverstein Collection.